Tag Archives: honda wheel bearing

China manufacturer Automotive Parts Rear Axle Wheel Bearing Hub 512176 Br930276 for Honda Accord 1998-2002 L4 2.3L Non-ABS Drum Brakes with Good quality

Product Description

Product Description

A wheel bearing is applied to the automotive axle to load and provide accurate CZPT components for the rotation of the wheel hub, both bearing axial load and radial load. It has good performance to installing, omitted clearance, lightweight, compact structure, large load capacity, for the sealed bearing prior to loading, ellipsis external wheel grease seal and from maintenance, etc. And wheel bearing has been widely used in cars, trucks.

 

An Auto wheel bearing is the main usage of bearing and provides an accurate CZPT to the rotation of the wheel hub. Under axial and radial load, it is a very important component. It is developed on the basis of standardized angular contact ball bearings and tapered roller bearings.
 

Features: 

 A. auto wheel hub bearings are adopted with international superior raw material and high-class grease from USA Shell grease. 

B.The series auto wheel hub bearings are in the nature of frame structure, lightweight, large rated burden, strong resistant capability, thermostability, good dustproof performance and etc. 

C. Auto wheel hub bearing can be endured bidirectional axial load and major radial load and sealed bearings are unnecessary to add lubricant additives upon assembly. 

Product Parameters

Item Automotive parts Rear axle wheel bearing hub 512176 BR935716 for Honda Accord 1998-2002 L4 2.3L Non-ABS Drum brakes

Fitting position

Rear Axle left and right
Parameter Rear Axle
Flange Diameter: 5.98 In.
Bolt Circle Diameter: 4.50 In.
Wheel Pilot Diameter: 2.52 In.
Brake Pilot Diameter: 2.52 In.
Flange Offset: 2.20 In.
Hub Pilot Diameter: 2.60 In.
Bolt Size: M12X1.5
Bolt Quantity: 4
Bolt Hole qty: N/A
ABS Sensor: N
Number of Splines: N/A
ABS Sensor No
Package 1,barreled package+outer carton+pallets 
2,plastic bag+single box+outer carton+pallets 
3,tube package+middle box+outer carton+pallets 
4, According to your’s requirement
Quality Control We have a complete process for production and quality assurance to make sure our products can meet your requirement.
1. Assembly
2. Windage test
3. Cleaning
4. Rotary test
5. Greasing and gland
6. Noise inspection
7. Appearance inspection
8. Rust prevention

 

Detailed Photos

Carfitment and part number

OEM No. Ref.
512176
42200S84A01
42200S84C01
42200S84C571M1

051-6161
45711
BR930167
NT512176
735-0110
42200-S84-A01
42200-S84-C01
712176
VKBA3953
512176
HA598401
512176
WH512176
295-12176
WA512176
051-6161
BR930167
WH50.512176
WE60526
WE60524
712176

 

Carfitment

Honda Accord 1998-2002 L4 2.3L Non-ABS Drum brakes

Other Model List Reference( Please contact us for more details)

Ref. No. Ref. No. Ref. No. Car Model
512000 BR930053 512000 Saturn S Series
512179 BR930071 512179 Acura
513098 FW156 513098 Acura
513033 BR93571 513033 Acura Integra
513105 BR930113 513105 Acura Integra
512012 BR935718 512012 Audi TT
513125 BR930161 513125 BMW 318
513017K BR93571K 513017K Buick  Skyhawk
512244 BR930075 HA590073 Buick Allure
513203 BR930184 HA590076/ HA590085 Buick Allure
512078 BR930078 512078 Buick Century
512150 BR930075 512150 Buick Century
512151 BR930145 512151 Buick Century
512237 BR930075 512237 Buick Century
513018 BR930026 513018 Buick Century
513121 BR930148 Threaded Hub/BR930548K 513121 Buick Century
513160 BR930184 513160 Buick Century
513179 BR930149/930548K 513179 Buick Century
513011K BR930091K 513011K Buick Century
513016K BR930571K 513016K Buick Century
513062 BR930068 513062 Buick Electra
512003 BR930074 512003 Buick Lesabre
513088 BR930077 513088 Buick LeSabre
513087 BR930076 513087 Buick Park Ave
512004 BR930096 512004 Buick Regal
513044 BR930083K 513044 Buick Regal
513187 BR930149/930548K 513187 Buick Rendevous
513013 BR930052K 513013 Buick Riviera
513012 BR930093 513012 Buick Skyhawk
512001 BR930070 512001 Buick Skylark
515053 BR93571 SP450301 Cadillac Escalade
515571 BR930346 SP550307 Cadillac Esclade
513164 BR930169 HA596467 Cadillac Catera
515036 BR930304 SP500300 cadillac Escalade
515005 BR930265 515005 Chevy Astro
515019 BR935719 SP550308 Chevy Astro
513200 BR930497 SP450300 Chevy Blazer
513090 BR930186 513090 Chevy Camaro
513204 BR935716 HA590068 Chevy Colbalt
512229 BR930327 512229 Chevy Equinox
512230 BR930328 512230 Chevy Equinox
512152 BR930098 512152 Chevy Fleet Classic
513137 BR930080 513137 Chevy Fleet Classic
513215 BR93571 HA590071 Chevy Malibu
518507 BR930300K 518507 Chevy Prizm
515054   SP550306 Chevy Silverado
515058 BR93571 SP58571 Chevy Silverado
513193 BR930308 513193 Chevy Tracker
513124 BR930097 513124 Chevy/GMC
515018   HA591339 Chevy/GMC
515015 BR930406 SP580302/580303 Chevy/GMC  20/2500
515016   SP580300 Chevy/GMC  20/2500
515001 BR930094 515001 Chevy/GMC All K Series
515002 BR930035 515002 Chevy/GMC K Series
515041 BR930406 SP580302/580303 Chevy/GMC K1500
515048     Chevy/GMC K1500
515055     Chevy/GMC K1500
515037     Chevy/GMC K3500
513061 BR930064 513061 Chevy/GMC S15 Jimmy
512133 BR930176 512133 Chrysler Cirrus
512154 BR930194 512154 Chrysler Cirrus
512220 BR930199 512220 Chrysler Cirrus
513138 BR930138 513138 Chrysler Cirrus
512571 BR930188 / 189 512571 Chrysler Concorde
513089 BR930190K 513089 Chrysler Concorde
518501 BR930001 518001 Chrysler E Class
518502 BR930002 518502 Chrysler E Class
513075 BR930013 513075 Chrysler Le Baron
518500 BR930000 518500 Chrysler LeBaron
513123 BR935715 513123 Chrysler Prowler
512167 BR930173 512167 Chrysler PT Cruiser
512136 BR930172 512136 Chrysler Sebring
512157 BR930066 512157 Chrysler Town & Country
512169 BR935718 512169 Chrysler Town & Country
512170 BR935719 512170 Chrysler Town & Country
513074 BR930571K 513074 Chrysler Town & Country
513122 BR935716 513122 Chrysler Town & Country
512155 BR930069 512155 Chrysler Town Country
512156 BR930067 512156 Chrysler Town Country

A wide range of applications:

• agriculture and forestry equipment
• automotive and industrial gearboxes
• automotive and truck electric components, such as alternators
• electric motors
• fluid machinery
• material handling
• power tools and household appliances
• textile machinery
• two Wheeler

Company Profile

Our Advantages

1.ISO Standard

2.Bearing Small order accepted

3.In Stock bearing

4.OEM bearing service

5.Professional Technical Support

6.Timely pre-sale service
7.Competitive price
8.Full range of products on auto bearings
9.Punctual Delivery
11.Excellent after-sale service
 

Packaging & Shipping

 

Packaging Details 1 piece in a single box
50 boxes in a carton
20 cartons in a pallet
Nearest Port ZheJiang or HangZhou
Lead Time For stock parts: 1-5 days.
If no stock parts:
<200 pcs: 15-30 days
≥200 pcs: to be negotiated.

 

FAQ

If you have any other questions, please feel free to contact us as follows:

 

Q: Why did you choose us?

1. We provide the best quality bearings with reasonable prices, low friction, low noise, and long service life.

2. With sufficient stock and fast delivery, you can choose our freight forwarder or your freight forwarder.

 

Q: Do you accept small orders?

100% quality check, once your bearings are standard size bearings, even one, we also accept.

 

Q: How long is your delivery time?

Generally speaking, if the goods are in stock, it is 1-3 days. If the goods are out of stock, it will take 6-10 days, depending on the quantity of the order.

 

Q: Do you provide samples? Is it free or extra?

Yes, we can provide a small number of free samples. 

 

Q: What should I do if I don’t see the type of bearings I need?

We have too many bearing series numbers. Just send us the inquiry and we will be very happy to send you the bearing details.

Q: Could you accept OEM and customize?
A: Yes, we can customize for you according to sample or drawing, but, pls provide us technical data, such as dimension and mark.

Contact Us 
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After-sales Service: 1 Year / 30000-50000kms
Warranty: 1 Year / 30000-50000kms
Type: Wheel Hub Bearing
Material: Gcr15/65mn/55
Tolerance: P0 P6 P4 P5 P2
Certification: TS16949
Samples:
US$ 20/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle hub

What steps are involved in the proper removal and installation of an axle hub assembly?

Properly removing and installing an axle hub assembly requires a systematic approach and the use of appropriate tools. Here are the detailed steps involved in the process:

  1. Gather the necessary tools: Before starting the removal and installation process, gather the required tools and equipment. This may include a jack, jack stands, lug wrench, socket set, torque wrench, pry bar, hammer, and a suitable wheel bearing grease.
  2. Prepare the vehicle: Park the vehicle on a flat surface and engage the parking brake. If necessary, loosen the lug nuts on the wheel associated with the axle hub assembly, but do not remove them yet.
  3. Jack up the vehicle: Use a jack to lift the vehicle off the ground at a suitable jacking point. Place jack stands under the vehicle to provide additional support and ensure safety. Carefully lower the vehicle onto the jack stands.
  4. Remove the wheel: Completely remove the lug nuts and take off the wheel to access the axle hub assembly.
  5. Disconnect brake components: Depending on the specific vehicle, there may be brake components attached to the axle hub assembly. This can include brake calipers, brake pads, and brake rotors. Follow the appropriate procedure to disconnect these components, which may involve removing caliper bolts, brake pad retaining clips, or rotor retaining screws.
  6. Disconnect the axle: If the axle shaft is connected to the axle hub assembly, disconnect it by removing the retaining nut or bolts. This step may vary depending on the type of axle and vehicle.
  7. Remove the axle hub assembly: The axle hub assembly is typically secured to the steering knuckle or suspension component by bolts or studs. Use the appropriate tools to remove these fasteners and carefully detach the axle hub assembly from the vehicle. In some cases, the assembly may be tight and require the use of a pry bar or hammer to gently separate it from the mounting point.
  8. Clean and inspect: Once the axle hub assembly is removed, clean the mounting surface on the steering knuckle or suspension component. Inspect the mounting area for any damage or corrosion that may affect the installation of the new axle hub assembly. Also, inspect the axle shaft and surrounding components for any signs of damage or wear.
  9. Install the new axle hub assembly: Apply a thin layer of wheel bearing grease to the mounting surface of the steering knuckle or suspension component. Carefully align the new axle hub assembly with the mounting holes and slide it into place. Install the bolts or studs and tighten them according to the manufacturer’s specifications. If there are any retaining nuts or bolts for the axle shaft, reinstall them and torque them to the recommended values.
  10. Reconnect brake components: Reinstall any brake components that were disconnected, such as brake calipers, brake pads, and brake rotors. Make sure to follow the correct procedure and torque specifications for these components.
  11. Reinstall the wheel: Put the wheel back onto the vehicle and hand-tighten the lug nuts. Lower the vehicle from the jack stands using a jack, and then use a torque wrench to tighten the lug nuts to the manufacturer’s recommended torque specification.
  12. Test and verify: Once the axle hub assembly is installed and all components are properly reconnected, take the vehicle for a test drive. Pay attention to any unusual noises, vibrations, or handling issues. Verify that the axle hub assembly is functioning correctly and that there are no leaks or other problems.

It’s important to note that the specific steps and procedures may vary depending on the vehicle make and model. Always consult the vehicle’s service manual or seek professional assistance if you are unsure about any aspect of the removal and installation process.

In summary, the proper removal and installation of an axle hub assembly involve gathering the necessary tools, preparing the vehicle, jacking up the vehicle, removing the wheel, disconnecting brake components and the axle, removing the old axle hub assembly, cleaning and inspecting, installing the new assembly, reconnecting brake components, reinstalling the wheel, and finally testing and verifying the functionality of the axle hub assembly.

axle hub

How often should axle hubs be inspected and replaced as part of routine vehicle maintenance?

Regular inspection and maintenance of axle hubs are crucial for ensuring the safe and efficient operation of a vehicle. The frequency of inspection and replacement may vary depending on several factors, including the vehicle’s make and model, driving conditions, and manufacturer’s recommendations. Here are some guidelines to consider:

  • Manufacturer’s recommendations: The first and most reliable source of information regarding the inspection and replacement intervals for axle hubs is the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations. These can usually be found in the owner’s manual or the manufacturer’s maintenance schedule. It is essential to follow these guidelines as they are specific to your particular vehicle.
  • Driving conditions: If your vehicle is subjected to severe driving conditions, such as frequent towing, off-road use, or driving in extreme temperatures, the axle hubs may experience increased stress and wear. In such cases, more frequent inspections and maintenance may be necessary.
  • Visual inspection: It is a good practice to visually inspect the axle hubs during routine maintenance or when performing other maintenance tasks, such as changing the brakes or rotating the tires. Look for any signs of damage, such as leaks, excessive play, or worn-out components. If any abnormalities are detected, further inspection or replacement may be required.
  • Wheel bearing maintenance: The axle hubs house the wheel bearings, which are critical for the smooth rotation of the wheels. Some vehicles have serviceable wheel bearings that require periodic maintenance, such as cleaning and repacking with fresh grease. If your vehicle has serviceable wheel bearings, refer to the manufacturer’s recommendations for the appropriate maintenance intervals.
  • Unusual noises or vibrations: If you notice any unusual noises, such as grinding, humming, or clicking sounds coming from the wheels, or if you experience vibrations while driving, it could be an indication of a problem with the axle hubs. In such cases, immediate inspection and necessary repairs or replacement should be performed.

It’s important to note that the intervals for inspecting and replacing axle hubs can vary significantly between different vehicles. Therefore, it is recommended to consult the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations to determine the specific maintenance schedule for your vehicle. Additionally, if you are unsure or suspect any issues with the axle hubs, it is advisable to have a qualified mechanic or automotive technician inspect and assess the condition of the axle hubs.

In summary, the frequency of inspecting and replacing axle hubs as part of routine vehicle maintenance depends on factors such as the manufacturer’s recommendations, driving conditions, visual inspections, wheel bearing maintenance requirements, and the presence of any unusual noises or vibrations. Following the manufacturer’s guidelines and promptly addressing any abnormalities will help ensure the proper functioning and longevity of the axle hubs.

axle hub

How do changes in wheel offset affect the angles and performance of axle hubs?

Changes in wheel offset can have a significant impact on the angles and performance of axle hubs. Here’s a detailed explanation:

Wheel offset refers to the distance between the centerline of the wheel and the mounting surface. It determines how far the wheel and tire assembly will be positioned in relation to the axle hub. There are three types of wheel offsets: positive offset, zero offset, and negative offset.

Here’s how changes in wheel offset can affect the angles and performance of axle hubs:

  • Camber Angle: Camber angle refers to the inward or outward tilt of the wheel when viewed from the front of the vehicle. Changes in wheel offset can impact the camber angle. Increasing positive offset or reducing negative offset typically results in more positive camber, while increasing negative offset or reducing positive offset leads to more negative camber. Improper camber angle can cause uneven tire wear, reduced traction, and handling issues.
  • Track Width: Wheel offset affects the track width, which is the distance between the centerlines of the left and right wheels. Wider track width can improve stability and cornering performance. Increasing positive offset or reducing negative offset generally widens the track width, while increasing negative offset or reducing positive offset narrows it.
  • Steering Geometry: Changes in wheel offset also impact the steering geometry of the vehicle. Altering the offset can affect the scrub radius, which is the distance between the tire contact patch and the steering axis. Changes in scrub radius can influence steering effort, feedback, and stability. It’s important to maintain the appropriate scrub radius for optimal handling and performance.
  • Wheel Bearing Load: Wheel offset affects the load applied to the wheel bearings. Increasing positive offset or reducing negative offset generally increases the load on the inner wheel bearing, while increasing negative offset or reducing positive offset increases the load on the outer wheel bearing. Proper wheel bearing load is crucial for their longevity and performance.
  • Clearance and Interference: Changes in wheel offset can also impact the clearance between the wheel and suspension components or bodywork. Insufficient clearance due to excessive positive offset or inadequate clearance due to excessive negative offset can lead to rubbing, interference, or potential damage to the axle hub, suspension parts, or bodywork.

It’s important to note that any changes in wheel offset should be done within the manufacturer’s recommended specifications or in consultation with knowledgeable professionals. Deviating from the recommended wheel offset can lead to adverse effects on the axle hub angles and performance, as well as other aspects of the vehicle’s handling and safety.

When modifying wheel offset, it is crucial to consider the overall impact on the vehicle’s suspension geometry, clearance, and alignment. It may be necessary to make corresponding adjustments to maintain proper alignment angles, such as camber, toe, and caster, to ensure optimal tire wear, handling, and performance.

In summary, changes in wheel offset can have a significant impact on the angles and performance of axle hubs. They can affect camber angles, track width, steering geometry, wheel bearing load, and clearance. It is important to adhere to manufacturer’s specifications and consult with knowledgeable professionals when considering changes in wheel offset to ensure proper alignment, optimal performance, and safe operation of the vehicle.

China manufacturer Automotive Parts Rear Axle Wheel Bearing Hub 512176 Br930276 for Honda Accord 1998-2002 L4 2.3L Non-ABS Drum Brakes   with Good quality China manufacturer Automotive Parts Rear Axle Wheel Bearing Hub 512176 Br930276 for Honda Accord 1998-2002 L4 2.3L Non-ABS Drum Brakes   with Good quality
editor by CX 2024-03-29

China Hot selling Auto Rear Axle Wheel Hub Bearing OEM 42200-Stx-A02 for Honda with Best Sales

Product Description

Auto Rear Axle Wheel Hub Bearing OEM
42200-STX-A02 For Honda
 

Product Description

OEM 42200-STX-A02
Brand FENGMING
Condition Brand New
Stock Availability Yes
Minimum Order QTY 2PC
OEM Order Acceptability  Yes
Small order Lead Time 3-7 days
Large Order Lead Time 15-30 days
Quality Warranty 12 Months
Package As netural or as customer’s request, FENG MING PACKING
Payment Methods Paypal, Western Union, Bank T/T, L/C
Shipment Methods DHL, UPS, TNT, FedEx, Aramex, EMS, Air Cargo, Sea Cargo

 

Company Profile

 

Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between 2 rotating shafts. It consists of 2 parts – a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.
splineshaft

Modeling a spline coupling

Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify 1 specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the 2 spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the 2 splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You’ll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on 1 spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you’ll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.

Creating a spline coupling model 20

The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20’s geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click “Next” to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.
splineshaft

Analysing a spline coupling model 20

An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to 4 different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are 2 phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.
splineshaft

Misalignment of a spline coupling

A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered 2 levels of misalignment – 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm – with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.

China Hot selling Auto Rear Axle Wheel Hub Bearing OEM 42200-Stx-A02 for Honda   with Best SalesChina Hot selling Auto Rear Axle Wheel Hub Bearing OEM 42200-Stx-A02 for Honda   with Best Sales

China Professional Axle Front Wheel Bearing Hub Japan Auto Rear Wheel Hub Bearing for CZPT Vitsz Hiace Altis CZPT Grandis L200 CZPT Hyundai Nissan Honda near me manufacturer

Product Description

HOT Sale Automotive Front Wheel Hub Bearing Assembly for Japan Car (45712-CG110) (45712-EJ70B) For Infiniti FX35-FX45

Part Name Shock Absorber
Brand KINGSTEEL/JECICO
Application Auto Suspension System
car maker for CZPT Vitsz Hiace Altis CZPT Grandis L2 48530-20820 
Placement on Vehicle Suspension System
Material Aluminum/iron/Steel
Warranty 12 Months
Sample Available
Price $20-$25
Place of origin HangZhou
Delivery time 1-7 days for stock items, 65 days for produced items
Packing KINGSTEEL/JECICO/CUSTOMER DEMAND
CTN/QTY 4-10 PCS
Payment L/C,T/T,Western Union,PayPal
   

FAQ
1.Are you trading company or factory? 
   We are invested factory with trading company.

2.What products does your company supply for CZPT brand?
   1) Control arm and ball joint tie rod end, rack end, linkage.
   2) Drive shaft, cv joint, and tripod joints
   3) Wheel hub, wheel bearing
   4) Brake pads, brake shoes, brake caliper ,brake disc
   5) Steering rack, steering pump, steering knuckle
   6) Shock absorber
   7) Engine mount
   8) Clutch plate, clutch cover
   9) Ignition coil, clock spring ,
  10) fuel pump, oil filter, fan belt timing, belt tensioner pully

3.What is the MOQ for each items?
   If the items we have stock, there is no limitation for moq, and narmally MOQ as 10pcs is acceptable.

4.Do you give any guarantee to your products?
   Yes, we have 1years quality guarantee. Only brake pad, brake shoe, fan belt timing belt is gurantee 30000KM.

5.How does to control your CZPT products ?
   1.There is advanced equipment,professional and technical workersin the factory.
   2.Factory will have sample testing on quality before shipment.
   3.Our QC(QUALITY CONTROL) will check the quality of each productbefore shipment

6. How long for delivery time after pay deposit?
    -Usually 20-35 days for production.
    Some hot sales items have stock.

7. Which countries have you exported for CZPT brand ?
   ASIA:Iraq, Lebanon, UAE, Turkey, Malaysia, Vietnam, LAOS, Thailand, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan,                 Azerbaijan.
   EUROPE:Russia, lreland, Uk, Poland, Greece. 
   OCEANIA: Australia, Fiji,Kiribati, New Zealand. 
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8.What service can you provide if we buy your brand products?
   1. you can get gifts according to point redemption you have, like U-disk, watches, clothes, cups, etc.
   2.Recommend same market customers to buy from you.

9.What will you do for quality complaint ?
   1.We will respond to customer within 24 hours.
   2.Our QC will retest the same stock item, if confirmed it is quality problem, we will make corresponding compensation.

 

Screw Shaft Features Explained

When choosing the screw shaft for your application, you should consider the features of the screws: threads, lead, pitch, helix angle, and more. You may be wondering what these features mean and how they affect the screw’s performance. This article explains the differences between these factors. The following are the features that affect the performance of screws and their properties. You can use these to make an informed decision and purchase the right screw. You can learn more about these features by reading the following articles.

Threads

The major diameter of a screw thread is the larger of the 2 extreme diameters. The major diameter of a screw is also known as the outside diameter. This dimension can’t be directly measured, but can be determined by measuring the distance between adjacent sides of the thread. In addition, the mean area of a screw thread is known as the pitch. The diameter of the thread and pitch line are directly proportional to the overall size of the screw.
The threads are classified by the diameter and pitch. The major diameter of a screw shaft has the largest number of threads; the smaller diameter is called the minor diameter. The thread angle, also known as the helix angle, is measured perpendicular to the axis of the screw. The major diameter is the largest part of the screw; the minor diameter is the lower end of the screw. The thread angle is the half distance between the major and minor diameters. The minor diameter is the outer surface of the screw, while the top surface corresponds to the major diameter.
The pitch is measured at the crest of a thread. In other words, a 16-pitch thread has a diameter of 1 sixteenth of the screw shaft’s diameter. The actual diameter is 0.03125 inches. Moreover, a large number of manufacturers use this measurement to determine the thread pitch. The pitch diameter is a critical factor in successful mating of male and female threads. So, when determining the pitch diameter, you need to check the thread pitch plate of a screw.
screwshaft

Lead

In screw shaft applications, a solid, corrosion-resistant material is an important requirement. Lead screws are a robust choice, which ensure shaft direction accuracy. This material is widely used in lathes and measuring instruments. They have black oxide coatings and are suited for environments where rusting is not acceptable. These screws are also relatively inexpensive. Here are some advantages of lead screws. They are highly durable, cost-effective, and offer high reliability.
A lead screw system may have multiple starts, or threads that run parallel to each other. The lead is the distance the nut travels along the shaft during a single revolution. The smaller the lead, the tighter the thread. The lead can also be expressed as the pitch, which is the distance between adjacent thread crests or troughs. A lead screw has a smaller pitch than a nut, and the smaller the lead, the greater its linear speed.
When choosing lead screws, the critical speed is the maximum number of revolutions per minute. This is determined by the minor diameter of the shaft and its length. The critical speed should never be exceeded or the lead will become distorted or cracked. The recommended operational speed is around 80 percent of the evaluated critical speed. Moreover, the lead screw must be properly aligned to avoid excessive vibrations. In addition, the screw pitch must be within the design tolerance of the shaft.

Pitch

The pitch of a screw shaft can be viewed as the distance between the crest of a thread and the surface where the threads meet. In mathematics, the pitch is equivalent to the length of 1 wavelength. The pitch of a screw shaft also relates to the diameter of the threads. In the following, the pitch of a screw is explained. It is important to note that the pitch of a screw is not a metric measurement. In the following, we will define the 2 terms and discuss how they relate to 1 another.
A screw’s pitch is not the same in all countries. The United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States have standardized screw threads according to the UN system. Therefore, there is a need to specify the pitch of a screw shaft when a screw is being manufactured. The standardization of pitch and diameter has also reduced the cost of screw manufacturing. Nevertheless, screw threads are still expensive. The United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States have introduced a system for the calculation of screw pitch.
The pitch of a lead screw is the same as that of a lead screw. The diameter is 0.25 inches and the circumference is 0.79 inches. When calculating the mechanical advantage of a screw, divide the diameter by its pitch. The larger the pitch, the more threads the screw has, increasing its critical speed and stiffness. The pitch of a screw shaft is also proportional to the number of starts in the shaft.

Helix angle

The helix angle of a screw shaft is the angle formed between the circumference of the cylinder and its helix. Both of these angles must be equal to 90 degrees. The larger the lead angle, the smaller the helix angle. Some reference materials refer to angle B as the helix angle. However, the actual angle is derived from calculating the screw geometry. Read on for more information. Listed below are some of the differences between helix angles and lead angles.
High helix screws have a long lead. This length reduces the number of effective turns of the screw. Because of this, fine pitch screws are usually used for small movements. A typical example is a 16-mm x 5-inch screw. Another example of a fine pitch screw is a 12x2mm screw. It is used for small moves. This type of screw has a lower lead angle than a high-helix screw.
A screw’s helix angle refers to the relative angle of the flight of the helix to the plane of the screw axis. While screw helix angles are not often altered from the standard square pitch, they can have an effect on processing. Changing the helix angle is more common in two-stage screws, special mixing screws, and metering screws. When a screw is designed for this function, it should be able to handle the materials it is made of.
screwshaft

Size

The diameter of a screw is its diameter, measured from the head to the shaft. Screw diameters are standardized by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. The diameters of screws range from 3/50 inches to 16 inches, and more recently, fractions of an inch have been added. However, shaft diameters may vary depending on the job, so it is important to know the right size for the job. The size chart below shows the common sizes for screws.
Screws are generally referred to by their gauge, which is the major diameter. Screws with a major diameter less than a quarter of an inch are usually labeled as #0 to #14 and larger screws are labeled as sizes in fractions of an inch. There are also decimal equivalents of each screw size. These measurements will help you choose the correct size for your project. The screws with the smaller diameters were not tested.
In the previous section, we described the different shaft sizes and their specifications. These screw sizes are usually indicated by fractions of an inch, followed by a number of threads per inch. For example, a ten-inch screw has a shaft size of 2” with a thread pitch of 1/4″, and it has a diameter of 2 inches. This screw is welded to a two-inch Sch. 40 pipe. Alternatively, it can be welded to a 9-inch O.A.L. pipe.
screwshaft

Shape

Screws come in a wide variety of sizes and shapes, from the size of a quarter to the diameter of a U.S. quarter. Screws’ main function is to hold objects together and to translate torque into linear force. The shape of a screw shaft, if it is round, is the primary characteristic used to define its use. The following chart shows how the screw shaft differs from a quarter:
The shape of a screw shaft is determined by 2 features: its major diameter, or distance from the outer edge of the thread on 1 side to the inner smooth surface of the shaft. These are generally 2 to 16 millimeters in diameter. Screw shafts can have either a fully threaded shank or a half-threaded shank, with the latter providing better stability. Regardless of whether the screw shaft is round or domed, it is important to understand the different characteristics of a screw before attempting to install it into a project.
The screw shaft’s diameter is also important to its application. The ball circle diameter refers to the distance between the center of 2 opposite balls in contact with the grooves. The root diameter, on the other hand, refers to the distance between the bottommost grooves of the screw shaft. These are the 2 main measurements that define the screw’s overall size. Pitch and nominal diameter are important measurements for a screw’s performance in a particular application.

Lubrication

In most cases, lubrication of a screw shaft is accomplished with grease. Grease is made up of mineral or synthetic oil, thickening agent, and additives. The thickening agent can be a variety of different substances, including lithium, bentonite, aluminum, and barium complexes. A common classification for lubricating grease is NLGI Grade. While this may not be necessary when specifying the type of grease to use for a particular application, it is a useful qualitative measure.
When selecting a lubricant for a screw shaft, the operating temperature and the speed of the shaft determine the type of oil to use. Too much oil can result in heat buildup, while too little can lead to excessive wear and friction. The proper lubrication of a screw shaft directly affects the temperature rise of a ball screw, and the life of the assembly. To ensure the proper lubrication, follow the guidelines below.
Ideally, a low lubrication level is appropriate for medium-sized feed stuff factories. High lubrication level is appropriate for larger feed stuff factories. However, in low-speed applications, the lubrication level should be sufficiently high to ensure that the screws run freely. This is the only way to reduce friction and ensure the longest life possible. Lubrication of screw shafts is an important consideration for any screw.

China Professional Axle Front Wheel Bearing Hub Japan Auto Rear Wheel Hub Bearing for CZPT Vitsz Hiace Altis CZPT Grandis L200 CZPT Hyundai Nissan Honda   near me manufacturer China Professional Axle Front Wheel Bearing Hub Japan Auto Rear Wheel Hub Bearing for CZPT Vitsz Hiace Altis CZPT Grandis L200 CZPT Hyundai Nissan Honda   near me manufacturer

China Good quality for Honda Civic Auto Parts Rear Wheel Bearing Hub 42200-S5a-008 Vkba6834 with Good quality

Product Description

Basic information:

Description HONDA CIVIC Auto Parts Rear Wheel Bearing Hub 42200-S5A-008 VKBA6834
Material Chrome steel Gcr15
Application For HONDA
Position Rear axle
With ABS Yes
Bolts 4 holes
Weight 1.8 kg
Brand SI, PPB, or customized
Packing Neutral, SI, PPB brand packing or customized
OEM/ODM service Yes
Manufacture place ZHangZhoug, China
MOQ 50 PCS
OEM replacement Yes
Inspection 100%
Warranty 1 year or 40,000-50,000 KMS
Certificate ISO9001:2015 TS16949
Payment T/T, PayPal, Alibaba

Detailed pictures:

O.E.:
42200-S5A-008

Ref.:

31567
J4714039
912786
VKBA 6834
R174.52

Application:
For HONDA CIVIC VI Hatchback (EU_, EP_) 1995-2001
For HONDA CIVIC VI Coupe (EM) – 2001-2005
For HONDA CIVIC VII Hatchback (FD_) 2001-2005
For HONDA CIVIC VIII Saloon (FD, FA) 1.6 2005-

Packing and Delivery:

Work shop:

Exhibitions:

FAQ:
Q1.What is your shipping logistic?
Re: DHL, TNT, FedEx express, by air/sea/train.

Q2:What’s the MOQ?
Re: For the wheel hub assembly. The MOQ is always 50 sets. If ordering together with other models, small quantities can be organized. But need more time due to the production schedule.

Q3. What are your goods of packing?
Re: Generally, our goods will be packed in Neutral white or brown boxes for the hub bearing unit. Our brand packing SI & CZPT are offered. If you have any other packing requests, we shall also handle them.

Q4. What is your sample policy?
Re: We can supply the sample if we have ready parts in stock.

Q5. Do you have any certificates?
Re: Yes, we have the certificate of ISO9001:2015.

Q6:Any warranty of your products.
Re: Sure, We are offering a guarantee for 12 months or 40,000-50,000 km for the aftermarket.
 

Q7: How can I make an inquiry?

Re: You can contact us by email, telephone, WhatsApp, , etc.

 

Q8: How long can reply inquiry?

Re: Within 24 hours.

 

Q9: What’s the delivery time?

Re: Ready stock 10-15 days, production for 30 to 45 days.

 

Q10: How do you maintain our good business relationship?

Re: 1. Keep stable, reliable quality, competitive price to ensure our customer’s benefit;

2. Optimal lead time.

3. Keep customers updating about the new goods.

4. Make customers’ satisfaction as our main goal.

 

Q11: Can we visit the company & factory?

Re: Yes, welcome for your visiting & business discussion.

 

The Functions of Splined Shaft Bearings

Splined shafts are the most common types of bearings for machine tools. They are made of a wide variety of materials, including metals and non-metals such as Delrin and nylon. They are often fabricated to reduce deflection. The tooth profile will become deformed with time, as the shaft is used over a long period of time. Splined shafts are available in a huge range of materials and lengths.

Functions

Splined shafts are used in a variety of applications and industries. They are an effective anti-rotational device, as well as a reliable means of transmitting torque. Other types of shafts are available, including key shafts, but splines are the most convenient for transmitting torque. The following article discusses the functions of splines and why they are a superior choice. Listed below are a few examples of applications and industries in which splines are used.
Splined shafts can be of several styles, depending on the application and mechanical system in question. The differences between splined shaft styles include the design of teeth, overall strength, transfer of rotational concentricity, sliding ability, and misalignment tolerance. Listed below are a few examples of splines, as well as some of their benefits. The difference between these styles is not mutually exclusive; instead, each style has a distinct set of pros and cons.
A splined shaft is a cylindrical shaft with teeth or ridges that correspond to a specific angular position. This allows a shaft to transfer torque while maintaining angular correspondence between tracks. A splined shaft is defined as a cylindrical member with several grooves cut into its circumference. These grooves are equally spaced around the shaft and form a series of projecting keys. These features give the shaft a rounded appearance and allow it to fit perfectly into a grooved cylindrical member.
While the most common applications of splines are for shortening or extending shafts, they can also be used to secure mechanical assemblies. An “involute spline” spline has a groove that is wider than its counterparts. The result is that a splined shaft will resist separation during operation. They are an ideal choice for applications where deflection is an issue.
A spline shaft’s radial torsion load distribution is equally distributed, unless a bevel gear is used. The radial torsion load is evenly distributed and will not exert significant load concentration. If the spline couplings are not aligned correctly, the spline connection can fail quickly, causing significant fretting fatigue and wear. A couple of papers discuss this issue in more detail.
splineshaft

Types

There are many different types of splined shafts. Each type features an evenly spaced helix of grooves on its outer surface. These grooves are either parallel or involute. Their shape allows them to be paired with gears and interchange rotary and linear motion. Splines are often cold-rolled or cut. The latter has increased strength compared to cut spines. These types of shafts are commonly used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smoothness.
Another difference between internal and external splined shafts lies in the manufacturing process. The former is made of wood, while the latter is made of steel or a metal alloy. The process of manufacturing splined shafts involves cutting furrows into the surface of the material. Both processes are expensive and require expert skill. The main advantage of splined shafts is their adaptability to a wide range of applications.
In general, splined shafts are used in machinery where the rotation is transferred to an internal splined member. This member can be a gear or some other rotary device. These types of shafts are often packaged together as a hub assembly. Cleaning and lubricating are essential to the life of these components. If you’re using them on a daily basis, you’ll want to make sure to regularly inspect them.
Crowned splines are usually involute. The teeth of these splines form a spiral pattern. They are used for smaller diameter shafts because they add strength. Involute splines are also used on instrument drives and valve shafts. Serration standards are found in the SAE. Both kinds of splines can also contain a ball bearing for high torque. The difference between the 2 types of splines is the number of teeth on the shaft.
Internal splines have many advantages over external ones. For example, an internal spline shaft can be made using a grinding wheel instead of a CNC machine. It also uses a more accurate and economical process. Furthermore, it allows for a shorter manufacturing cycle, which is essential when splining high-speed machines. In addition, it stabilizes the relative phase between the spline and thread.
splineshaft

Manufacturing methods

There are several methods used to fabricate a splined shaft. Key and splined shafts are constructed from 2 separate parts that are shaped in a synchronized manner to transfer torque uniformly. Hot rolling is 1 method, while cold rolling utilizes low temperatures to form metal. Both methods enhance mechanical properties, surface finishes, and precision. The advantage of cold rolling is its cost-effectiveness.
Cold forming is 1 method, as well as machining and assembling. Cold forming is a unique process that allows the spline to be shaped to the desired shape. The resulting shape provides maximum contact area and torsional strength. Standard splines are available in standard sizes, but custom lengths can also be ordered. CZPT offers various auxiliary equipment, such as mating sleeves and flanged bushings.
Cold forging is another method. This method produces long splined shafts that are used in automobile propellers. After the spline portion is cut out, it is worked on in a hobbing machine. Work hardening enhances the root strength of the splined portion. It can be used for bearings, gears, and other mechanical components. Listed below are the manufacturing methods for splined shafts.
Parallel splines are the simplest of the splined shaft manufacturing methods. Parallel splines are usually welded to shafts, while involute splines are made of metal or non-metals. Splines are available in a wide variety of lengths and materials. The process is usually accompanied by a process called milling. The workpiece rotates to produce the serrated surface.
Splines are internal or external grooves in a splined shaft. They work in combination with keyways to transfer torque. Male and female splines are used in gears. Female and male splines correspond to 1 another to ensure proper angular correspondence. Involute splines have more surface area and thus are stronger than external splines. Moreover, they help the shaft fit into a grooved cylindrical member without misalignment.
A variety of other methods of manufacturing a splined shaft can be used to produce a splined shaft. Spline shafts can be produced using broaching and shaping, 2 precision machining methods. Broaching uses a metal tool with successively larger teeth to remove metal and create ridges and holes in the surface of a material. However, this process is expensive and requires special expertise.
splineshaft

Applications

The splined shaft is a mechanical component with a helix-like shape formed by the equal spacing of grooves in a circular ring. The splines can either have parallel or involute sides. The splines minimize stress concentration in stationary joints and can be used in both rotary and linear motion. In some cases, splines are rolled rather than cut. The latter is more durable than cut splines and is often used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smooth finish.
Splined shafts are commonly made of carbon steel. This alloy steel has a low carbon content, making it easy to work with. Carbon steel is a great choice for splines because it is malleable. Generally, high-quality carbon steel provides a consistent motion. Steel alloys are also available that contain nickel, chromium, copper, and other metals. If you’re unsure of the right material for your application, you can consult a spline chart.
Splines are a versatile mechanical component. They are easy to cut and fit. Splines can be internal or external, with teeth positioned at equal intervals on both sides of the shaft. This allows the shaft to engage with the hub around the entire circumference of the hub. It also increases load capacity by creating a constant multiple-tooth point of contact with the hub. For this reason, they’re used extensively in rotary and linear motion.
Splined shafts are used in a wide variety of industries. CZPT Inc. offers custom and standard splined shafts for a variety of applications. When choosing a splined shaft for a specific application, consider the surrounding mated components, torque requirements, and size requirements. These 3 factors will make it the ideal choice for your rotary equipment. And you’ll be pleased with the end result!
There are many types of splines and their applications are endless. They transfer torque and angular misalignment between parts, and they also enable the axial rotation of assembled components. Therefore, splines are an essential component of machinery and are used in a wide range of applications. This type of shaft can be found in various types of machines, from household appliances to industrial machinery. So, the next time you’re looking for a splined shaft, make sure you look for a splined one.

China Good quality for Honda Civic Auto Parts Rear Wheel Bearing Hub 42200-S5a-008 Vkba6834   with Good qualityChina Good quality for Honda Civic Auto Parts Rear Wheel Bearing Hub 42200-S5a-008 Vkba6834   with Good quality

China best Hot Sale Auto Parts Hub 42200-T7a-J51 for Honda Hr-V Ru 2014- Rear Wheel Bearing near me factory

Product Description

Hot sale auto parts hub 42200-T7A-J51 for Honda HR-V RU 2014- rear wheel bearing

Product Specification

Item Name Wheel Bearing Hub
size Standard
Brand FENGMING
MOQ 1PCS
Warranty 1 Year
Packing 1.Original Packing 2. Neutral Packing 3. CZPT brand Packing 4.Customized
Payment L/C, T/T,  Western Union, Cash,Paypal,Alipay
Delivery Within 2-3 days after payment
Shipment by DHL/ FEDEX/ TNT,  by sea,by air

Customer Reviews:

Company Profile:
HangZhou CZPT Import and Export Co.,Ltd,was established in 2018,which specializes in engine parts and chasis parts for Japanese cars,including spark plugs,auto filters,power steering rack,power steering pump,ignition coils,bushings,ABS sensors,bearing,brake pads,control arm etc.Our products have been exported to Europe and the United States, the Middle East and other international markets.We have consistently adhered to “quality of products in order to survive, credibility and development services” business purposes. We sincerely welcome you to visit our company or contact us for cooperation!

 

Stiffness and Torsional Vibration of Spline-Couplings

In this paper, we describe some basic characteristics of spline-coupling and examine its torsional vibration behavior. We also explore the effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling. These results will assist in the design of improved spline-coupling systems for various applications. The results are presented in Table 1.
splineshaft

Stiffness of spline-coupling

The stiffness of a spline-coupling is a function of the meshing force between the splines in a rotor-spline coupling system and the static vibration displacement. The meshing force depends on the coupling parameters such as the transmitting torque and the spline thickness. It increases nonlinearly with the spline thickness.
A simplified spline-coupling model can be used to evaluate the load distribution of splines under vibration and transient loads. The axle spline sleeve is displaced a z-direction and a resistance moment T is applied to the outer face of the sleeve. This simple model can satisfy a wide range of engineering requirements but may suffer from complex loading conditions. Its asymmetric clearance may affect its engagement behavior and stress distribution patterns.
The results of the simulations show that the maximum vibration acceleration in both Figures 10 and 22 was 3.03 g/s. This results indicate that a misalignment in the circumferential direction increases the instantaneous impact. Asymmetry in the coupling geometry is also found in the meshing. The right-side spline’s teeth mesh tightly while those on the left side are misaligned.
Considering the spline-coupling geometry, a semi-analytical model is used to compute stiffness. This model is a simplified form of a classical spline-coupling model, with submatrices defining the shape and stiffness of the joint. As the design clearance is a known value, the stiffness of a spline-coupling system can be analyzed using the same formula.
The results of the simulations also show that the spline-coupling system can be modeled using MASTA, a high-level commercial CAE tool for transmission analysis. In this case, the spline segments were modeled as a series of spline segments with variable stiffness, which was calculated based on the initial gap between spline teeth. Then, the spline segments were modelled as a series of splines of increasing stiffness, accounting for different manufacturing variations. The resulting analysis of the spline-coupling geometry is compared to those of the finite-element approach.
Despite the high stiffness of a spline-coupling system, the contact status of the contact surfaces often changes. In addition, spline coupling affects the lateral vibration and deformation of the rotor. However, stiffness nonlinearity is not well studied in splined rotors because of the lack of a fully analytical model.
splineshaft

Characteristics of spline-coupling

The study of spline-coupling involves a number of design factors. These include weight, materials, and performance requirements. Weight is particularly important in the aeronautics field. Weight is often an issue for design engineers because materials have varying dimensional stability, weight, and durability. Additionally, space constraints and other configuration restrictions may require the use of spline-couplings in certain applications.
The main parameters to consider for any spline-coupling design are the maximum principal stress, the maldistribution factor, and the maximum tooth-bearing stress. The magnitude of each of these parameters must be smaller than or equal to the external spline diameter, in order to provide stability. The outer diameter of the spline must be at least 4 inches larger than the inner diameter of the spline.
Once the physical design is validated, the spline coupling knowledge base is created. This model is pre-programmed and stores the design parameter signals, including performance and manufacturing constraints. It then compares the parameter values to the design rule signals, and constructs a geometric representation of the spline coupling. A visual model is created from the input signals, and can be manipulated by changing different parameters and specifications.
The stiffness of a spline joint is another important parameter for determining the spline-coupling stiffness. The stiffness distribution of the spline joint affects the rotor’s lateral vibration and deformation. A finite element method is a useful technique for obtaining lateral stiffness of spline joints. This method involves many mesh refinements and requires a high computational cost.
The diameter of the spline-coupling must be large enough to transmit the torque. A spline with a larger diameter may have greater torque-transmitting capacity because it has a smaller circumference. However, the larger diameter of a spline is thinner than the shaft, and the latter may be more suitable if the torque is spread over a greater number of teeth.
Spline-couplings are classified according to their tooth profile along the axial and radial directions. The radial and axial tooth profiles affect the component’s behavior and wear damage. Splines with a crowned tooth profile are prone to angular misalignment. Typically, these spline-couplings are oversized to ensure durability and safety.

Stiffness of spline-coupling in torsional vibration analysis

This article presents a general framework for the study of torsional vibration caused by the stiffness of spline-couplings in aero-engines. It is based on a previous study on spline-couplings. It is characterized by the following 3 factors: bending stiffness, total flexibility, and tangential stiffness. The first criterion is the equivalent diameter of external and internal splines. Both the spline-coupling stiffness and the displacement of splines are evaluated by using the derivative of the total flexibility.
The stiffness of a spline joint can vary based on the distribution of load along the spline. Variables affecting the stiffness of spline joints include the torque level, tooth indexing errors, and misalignment. To explore the effects of these variables, an analytical formula is developed. The method is applicable for various kinds of spline joints, such as splines with multiple components.
Despite the difficulty of calculating spline-coupling stiffness, it is possible to model the contact between the teeth of the shaft and the hub using an analytical approach. This approach helps in determining key magnitudes of coupling operation such as contact peak pressures, reaction moments, and angular momentum. This approach allows for accurate results for spline-couplings and is suitable for both torsional vibration and structural vibration analysis.
The stiffness of spline-coupling is commonly assumed to be rigid in dynamic models. However, various dynamic phenomena associated with spline joints must be captured in high-fidelity drivetrain models. To accomplish this, a general analytical stiffness formulation is proposed based on a semi-analytical spline load distribution model. The resulting stiffness matrix contains radial and tilting stiffness values as well as torsional stiffness. The analysis is further simplified with the blockwise inversion method.
It is essential to consider the torsional vibration of a power transmission system before selecting the coupling. An accurate analysis of torsional vibration is crucial for coupling safety. This article also discusses case studies of spline shaft wear and torsionally-induced failures. The discussion will conclude with the development of a robust and efficient method to simulate these problems in real-life scenarios.
splineshaft

Effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling

In this study, the effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline coupling is investigated. The stability boundary and mechanism of rotor instability are analyzed. We find that the meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling increases nonlinearly with spline thickness. The results demonstrate that the misalignment is responsible for the instability of the rotor-spline coupling system.
An intentional spline misalignment is introduced to achieve an interference fit and zero backlash condition. This leads to uneven load distribution among the spline teeth. A further spline misalignment of 50um can result in rotor-spline coupling failure. The maximum tensile root stress shifted to the left under this condition.
Positive spline misalignment increases the gear mesh misalignment. Conversely, negative spline misalignment has no effect. The right-handed spline misalignment is opposite to the helix hand. The high contact area is moved from the center to the left side. In both cases, gear mesh is misaligned due to deflection and tilting of the gear under load.
This variation of the tooth surface is measured as the change in clearance in the transverse plain. The radial and axial clearance values are the same, while the difference between the 2 is less. In addition to the frictional force, the axial clearance of the splines is the same, which increases the gear mesh misalignment. Hence, the same procedure can be used to determine the frictional force of a rotor-spline coupling.
Gear mesh misalignment influences spline-rotor coupling performance. This misalignment changes the distribution of the gear mesh and alters contact and bending stresses. Therefore, it is essential to understand the effects of misalignment in spline couplings. Using a simplified system of helical gear pair, Hong et al. examined the load distribution along the tooth interface of the spline. This misalignment caused the flank contact pattern to change. The misaligned teeth exhibited deflection under load and developed a tilting moment on the gear.
The effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline couplings is minimized by using a mechanism that reduces backlash. The mechanism comprises cooperably splined male and female members. One member is formed by 2 coaxially aligned splined segments with end surfaces shaped to engage in sliding relationship. The connecting device applies axial loads to these segments, causing them to rotate relative to 1 another.

China best Hot Sale Auto Parts Hub 42200-T7a-J51 for Honda Hr-V Ru 2014- Rear Wheel Bearing   near me factory China best Hot Sale Auto Parts Hub 42200-T7a-J51 for Honda Hr-V Ru 2014- Rear Wheel Bearing   near me factory