Tag Archives: wheel hub bearing assembly

China manufacturer Wheel Hub Bearing 3dacf026f 24HS 42450-0d050 Rear Axle Bearing and Hub Assembly axle end caps

Product Description

Product Description

Product Name

Wheel hub assembly

Brand

PPB/Neutral Or As Your Request

Model Number

Front & rear wheel hub hub assembly 3DACF026F 24HS 42450-0D050

Ring Material

Steel/Gcr 15 material

Cage Material

Steel Cage. copper Cage. nylon cage

Precision

P0, P6, P5, P4, P2, or as requested

Vibration

ZV1, ZV2, ZV3, or as requested

Clearance

C0,C2,C3, or as requested

Size

  Rim Hole Number: 4

  Flange Ø: 135 mm

Features

Low friction, Long service life, Enhanced operational reliability, Consistency of roller profiles and sizes, Rigid bearing application, Running-in period with reduced temperature peaks, Separable and interchangeable With low and smoothly coefficient of friction

Quality standard

ISO9.2

VKBA523 482A/472 VKBA 5038 35BWD16 VKM14103

 

 

Company Profile

ZheJiang Mighty Machinery Co. Ltd is a professional manufacturer of auto bearings for more than 20 years. We provide a one-stop service for our customers. Our main products include wheel bearings & hub assembly, belt tensioners, clutch release bearings, and other parts.

Relying on the professional and rich manufacturing experience and many substantial factories which stable cooperated for many years, Mighty suppliers customers high-quality products at very competitive prices.

 

Customer’s satisfaction is our First Priority, We adhere to the concept of ” Quality First, Customer First”. We will continue to provide high-quality products and the best services to our customers and build up CZPT long-time friendship partners.

 

Our Advantages

More than 20 years of manufacturing and exporting experience
OEM manufacturing available
Full range, large stock
Quickly feedback
One year warranty
One-stop service
On-time delivery

Packaging & Shipping

FAQ

1. What’s the minimum order quantity?

We don’t have the minimum order quantity. We can also provide free samples, but you need to pay the freight.

     
 2. Do you provide ODM&OEM order service?

Yes, we provide ODM&OEM services to customers around the world, and we can customize different brands and different sizes of packaging boxes according to customers’ requirements.

     
3. After-sales service and warranty time

We guarantee that our products will be free from defects in materials and workmanship within 12 months from the date of delivery. The warranty is void due to improper use, incorrect installation, and physical damage.
 

4. How to place an order?

Send us an email of the models, brand, quantity, consignee information, model of transportation, and payment
Confirm payment and arrange the production.
 

5. What are your packing conditions?

We use standardized export packaging and environmental protection packaging materials. If you have a legally registered patent, we will package the goods in your brand box after receiving your authorization

6. What are your payment terms?

T/T is 30% of the payment in advance and 70% balance before delivery. Before you pay the balance, we will show you photos or videos of the products and packaging.
 

7. How long is your delivery time?

The delivery time of sample order is 3-5 days, and that of a batch order is 5-45 days. The exact delivery time depends on the item and the quantity you ordered.
 

8. Do you test all products before delivery?
Yes, according to ISO standards, we have professional Q/C personnel, precision testing instruments, and an internal inspection system. We control the quality of every process from material receiving to packaging to ensure that you receive high-quality products

  /* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

After-sales Service: One Year
Warranty: One Year
Type: Wheel Hub Bearing
Material: Chrome Steel
Tolerance: P5
Certification: ISO9001, TS16949
Samples:
US$ 50/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle hub

Are there differences between front and rear axle hubs in terms of design and function?

Yes, there are differences between front and rear axle hubs in terms of design and function. Here’s a detailed explanation of these differences:

1. Design:

The design of front and rear axle hubs can vary based on the specific requirements of each axle position.

Front Axle Hubs: Front axle hubs are typically more complex in design compared to rear axle hubs. This is because front axle hubs are often responsible for connecting the wheels to the steering system and accommodating the front-wheel drive components. Front axle hubs may have provisions for attaching CV (constant velocity) joints, which are necessary for transmitting power from the engine to the front wheels in front-wheel drive or all-wheel drive vehicles. The design of front axle hubs may also incorporate features for connecting the brake rotor, allowing for the integration of the braking system.

Rear Axle Hubs: Rear axle hubs generally have a simpler design compared to front axle hubs. They are primarily responsible for connecting the wheels to the rear axle shafts and supporting the wheel bearings. Rear axle hubs may not require the same level of complexity as front axle hubs since they do not need to accommodate steering components or transmit power from the engine. However, rear axle hubs still play a critical role in supporting the weight of the vehicle, transmitting driving forces, and integrating with the brake system.

2. Function:

The function of front and rear axle hubs differs based on the specific demands placed on each axle position.

Front Axle Hubs: Front axle hubs have the following primary functions:

  • Connect the wheel to the steering system, allowing for controlled steering and maneuverability.
  • Support the wheel bearings to facilitate smooth wheel rotation and weight distribution.
  • Integrate with the front-wheel drive components, such as CV joints, to transmit power from the engine to the front wheels.
  • Provide a mounting point for the brake rotor or drum, allowing for the integration of the braking system.

Rear Axle Hubs: Rear axle hubs have the following primary functions:

  • Connect the wheel to the rear axle shaft, facilitating power transmission and driving forces.
  • Support the wheel bearings to enable smooth wheel rotation and weight distribution.
  • Integrate with the brake system, providing a mounting point for the brake rotor or drum for braking performance.

3. Load Distribution:

Front and rear axle hubs also differ in terms of load distribution.

Front Axle Hubs: Front axle hubs bear the weight of the engine, transmission, and other front-end components. They also handle a significant portion of the vehicle’s braking forces during deceleration. As a result, front axle hubs need to be designed to handle higher loads and provide sufficient strength and durability.

Rear Axle Hubs: Rear axle hubs primarily bear the weight of the vehicle’s rear end and support the differential and rear axle shafts. The braking forces on the rear axle hubs are typically lower compared to the front axle hubs. However, they still need to be robust enough to handle the forces generated during acceleration, deceleration, and cornering.

In summary, there are differences between front and rear axle hubs in terms of design and function. Front axle hubs are typically more complex and accommodate steering components and front-wheel drive systems, while rear axle hubs have a simpler design focused on supporting the rear axle and integrating with the brake system. Understanding these differences is important for proper maintenance and repair of the axle hubs in a vehicle.

axle hub

Are there specific tools required for DIY axle hub replacement, and where can I find them?

When undertaking a DIY axle hub replacement, certain tools are needed to ensure a smooth and successful process. Here are some specific tools that are commonly required for DIY axle hub replacement and where you can find them:

  • Jack and jack stands: These tools are essential for raising the vehicle off the ground and providing a stable support system. You can find jacks and jack stands at automotive supply stores, hardware stores, and online retailers.
  • Lug wrench or socket set: A lug wrench or a socket set with the appropriate size socket is necessary to loosen and tighten the lug nuts on the wheel. These tools are commonly available at automotive supply stores, hardware stores, and online retailers.
  • Torque wrench: A torque wrench is required to tighten the lug nuts on the wheel and other fasteners to the manufacturer’s recommended torque specifications. Torque wrenches can be found at automotive supply stores, tool stores, and online retailers.
  • Pry bar: A pry bar is useful for gently separating the axle hub assembly from the mounting point, especially if it is tightly secured. Pry bars are available at automotive supply stores, hardware stores, and online retailers.
  • Hammer: A hammer can be used to tap or lightly strike the axle hub assembly or its components for removal or installation. Hammers are commonly available at hardware stores, tool stores, and online retailers.
  • Wheel bearing grease: High-quality wheel bearing grease is necessary for lubricating the axle hub assembly and ensuring smooth operation. Wheel bearing grease can be purchased at automotive supply stores, lubricant suppliers, and online retailers.
  • Additional tools: Depending on the specific vehicle and axle hub assembly, you may require additional tools such as a socket set, wrenches, pliers, or specific specialty tools. Consult the vehicle’s service manual or online resources for the specific tools needed for your vehicle model.

To find these tools, you can visit local automotive supply stores, hardware stores, or tool stores in your area. They typically carry a wide range of automotive tools and equipment. Alternatively, you can explore online retailers that specialize in automotive tools and equipment, where you can conveniently browse and purchase the tools you need.

It’s important to ensure that the tools you acquire are of good quality and suitable for the task at hand. Investing in quality tools can make the DIY axle hub replacement process more efficient and help achieve better results. Additionally, always follow the manufacturer’s instructions and safety guidelines when using tools and equipment.

In summary, specific tools are required for DIY axle hub replacement, such as a jack and jack stands, lug wrench or socket set, torque wrench, pry bar, hammer, and wheel bearing grease. These tools can be found at automotive supply stores, hardware stores, tool stores, and online retailers. Acquiring quality tools and following proper safety guidelines will contribute to a successful DIY axle hub replacement.

axle hub

Can axle hubs impact the alignment of a vehicle, and how is this corrected?

Axle hubs can indeed impact the alignment of a vehicle, and any alignment issues arising from the axle hubs should be corrected to ensure optimal vehicle handling, tire wear, and overall safety. Here’s a detailed explanation:

An axle hub is a critical component that connects the wheel assembly to the vehicle’s suspension. It houses the wheel bearings and provides the mounting point for the wheel. If an axle hub is damaged, worn, or improperly installed, it can lead to misalignment issues. Here are a few ways axle hubs can impact vehicle alignment:

  • Bearing Wear: Axle hubs contain wheel bearings that allow the wheels to rotate smoothly. If the bearings are worn or damaged, they can introduce play or uneven movement in the wheel assembly. This can result in misalignment, causing the vehicle to pull to one side or affect the camber, toe, or caster angles.
  • Improper Installation: If an axle hub is not installed correctly, it can introduce misalignment issues. For example, if the hub is not tightened to the specified torque or if the mounting surfaces are not properly cleaned, it can result in uneven pressure distribution and misalignment.
  • Impact Damage: Axle hubs can get damaged due to accidents, hitting potholes, or other impacts. Any deformation or misalignment of the axle hub can affect the alignment of the wheel assembly.

To correct alignment issues caused by axle hubs, the following steps are typically taken:

  1. Inspection: A thorough inspection of the axle hubs is conducted to identify any damage, wear, or improper installation. This may involve removing the wheels and visually examining the axle hubs for signs of damage or wear.
  2. Replacement: If the axle hubs are found to be damaged, worn, or improperly installed, they need to be replaced. Replacement axle hubs should be sourced from reputable manufacturers or OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) suppliers to ensure proper fit and alignment.
  3. Wheel Alignment: After replacing the axle hubs, a wheel alignment procedure is necessary to correct any misalignment caused by the previous issues. This typically involves adjusting the camber, toe, and caster angles to the manufacturer’s specifications using specialized alignment equipment.
  4. Additional Repairs: In some cases, axle hub-related alignment issues may have caused additional damage to suspension components or steering linkage. These components should be inspected and repaired as needed to ensure proper alignment and functionality.

It’s important to note that correcting alignment issues caused by axle hubs generally requires the expertise of a qualified mechanic or alignment specialist. They have the necessary knowledge, experience, and equipment to accurately diagnose and rectify alignment problems associated with axle hubs.

In summary, axle hubs can impact the alignment of a vehicle. Issues such as bearing wear, improper installation, or impact damage can introduce misalignment. To correct these alignment issues, a thorough inspection of the axle hubs is conducted, followed by replacement if necessary. Afterward, a wheel alignment procedure is performed to adjust the angles to the manufacturer’s specifications. Professional assistance from a qualified mechanic or alignment specialist is recommended to ensure accurate diagnosis and proper correction of axle hub-related alignment issues.

China manufacturer Wheel Hub Bearing 3dacf026f 24HS 42450-0d050 Rear Axle Bearing and Hub Assembly   axle end capsChina manufacturer Wheel Hub Bearing 3dacf026f 24HS 42450-0d050 Rear Axle Bearing and Hub Assembly   axle end caps
editor by CX 2024-04-24

China Best Sales Front Axle Wheel Hub Bearing Wheel Hub Assembly 731679120 OE 1763887 for CZPT Transit bad axle symptoms

Product Description

Basic information for :

Description Wheel bearing repair kit 731679120
Material Chrome steel Gcr15
Application Ford Transit, Tourneo Custom Bus
Brand SI, CZPT or customized
Size OD: 208mm
ID: 31mm
FLANGE: 5
WEIGHT: 5kg
WHEEL: 5-Hole
Packing Neutral, SI, PPB brand packing or customized
OEM/ODM service Yes
Manufacture place ZHangZhoug, China
MOQ 50 PCS
OEM replacement Yes
Inspection 100%
Warranty 1 year or 30,000-50,000 KMS
Certificate ISO9001:2015
Payment T/T, PayPal

Detailed pictures:

OE No.:
For FORD: 1763887
For FORD: 1769170
For FORD: 2168129
For FORD: BK212C300AA
For FORD: BK212C300AB
For FORD: BK212C300AC

Other Ref. No.:
A.B.S. : 201860
AUTEX : 85717
Automotive Bearings : ABK2174
BENDIX : 052144B
F-AG : 
FIRST LINE : FBK1469
FREMAX : FWB-1661
KAWE : 8530 16150
MOOG : FD-WB-12819
MOTAQUIP : LVBK1751
MOTAQUIP : LVBW1751
NK : 752547
OPTIMAL : 301905
TRISCAN : 8530 16150
AUTOKIT : 01.98286
AUTOKIT : ASB2881
AUTOKIT : RKB2881
REPKIT : RKB2881

Application:
FORD TOURNEO CUSTOM Bus 2.0 TDCi 2015-
FORD TOURNEO CUSTOM Bus 2.2 TDCi 2012-
FORD TRANSIT Box 2.2 TDCi 2013-
FORD TRANSIT Box 2.2 TDCi 4×4 2013-

Front Wheel Bearing Hub Assembly Replacement, Wheel Bearing & Hub Assembly, Hub Bearing Assembly, front bearing hub replacement, hub and bearing replacement, wheel hub bearings, front wheel bearing hub assembly, front wheel bearing hub replacement, hub bearing assembly front, wheel hub assembly, bearing assembly, Front Wheel Bearing and Hub Assembly, Front Wheel Drive Hub and Bearing Assembly

Packing and Delivery:

Work shop:

Exhibitions:

FAQ:
Q1.What is your shipping logistic?
Re: DHL, TNT, FedEx express, by air/sea/train.

Q2:What’s the MOQ?
Re: For the wheel hub assembly. The MOQ is always 50 sets. If ordering together with other models, small quantities can be organized. But need more time due to the production schedule.

Q3. What are your goods of packing?
Re: Generally, our goods will be packed in Neutral white or brown boxes for the hub bearing unit. Our brand packing SI & CZPT are offered. If you have any other packing requests, we shall also handle them.

Q4. What is your sample policy?
Re: We can supply the sample if we have ready parts in stock.

Q5. Do you have any certificates?
Re: Yes, we have the certificate of ISO9001:2015.

Q6:Any warranty of your products.
Re: Sure, We are offering a guarantee for 12 months or 40,000-50,000 km for the aftermarket.
 

Q7: How can I make an inquiry?

Re: You can contact us by email, telephone, WhatsApp, , etc.

 

Q8: How long can reply inquiry?

Re: Within 24 hours.

 

Q9: What’s the delivery time?

Re: Ready stock 10-15 days, production for 30 to 45 days.

 

Q10: How do you maintain our good business relationship?

Re: 1. Keep stable, reliable quality, competitive price to ensure our customer’s benefit;

2. Optimal lead time.

3. Keep customers updated about the new goods.

4. Make customers satisfaction as our main goal.

 

Q11: Can we visit the company & factory?

Re: Yes, welcome for your visit & business discussion.

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After-sales Service: Yes
Warranty: Yes
Type: Wheel Hub Bearing
Samples:
US$ 50/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

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Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.







about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:







 

Initial Payment



Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

axle hub

Can you recommend reliable brands for purchasing replacement axle hubs?

When it comes to purchasing replacement axle hubs, there are several reliable brands known for their quality and durability. Here are some recommended brands:

  • Timken: Timken is a well-known brand that specializes in manufacturing high-quality bearings and hub assemblies. They have a reputation for producing reliable and long-lasting products. Timken axle hubs are widely used in the automotive industry and are trusted by both professionals and DIY enthusiasts.
  • Moog: Moog is another reputable brand that offers a wide range of suspension and steering components, including axle hubs. Moog axle hubs are known for their precision engineering, excellent build quality, and reliable performance. They are designed to meet or exceed OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) specifications and are a popular choice among car owners.
  • ACDelco: ACDelco is a trusted brand that provides a comprehensive range of automotive replacement parts. Their axle hubs are designed to deliver reliable performance and durability. ACDelco axle hubs are often recommended for their compatibility with various vehicle makes and models, making them a reliable choice for replacement.
  • SKF: SKF is a well-established brand with a strong reputation in the automotive industry. They are known for their high-quality bearings and hub assemblies, including axle hubs. SKF axle hubs are engineered to provide excellent performance and longevity. They are often regarded as a premium option for those seeking reliable replacement parts.
  • NTN: NTN is a trusted manufacturer of bearings and hub assemblies. They offer a range of axle hubs that are designed to meet stringent quality standards. NTN axle hubs are known for their durability and precise fitment, making them a reliable choice for replacement in various vehicles.

It’s important to note that the availability of specific brands may vary depending on your location and the make and model of your vehicle. Additionally, it’s always a good idea to consult with a trusted mechanic or do thorough research to ensure the compatibility of the axle hubs with your vehicle before making a purchase.

In summary, some reliable brands for purchasing replacement axle hubs include Timken, Moog, ACDelco, SKF, and NTN. These brands have a solid reputation for producing high-quality and durable axle hubs, making them trusted choices for maintaining and repairing your vehicle’s axle system.

axle hub

Can a worn or damaged wheel bearing impact the performance of an axle hub?

Yes, a worn or damaged wheel bearing can significantly impact the performance of an axle hub. The wheel bearing plays a crucial role in supporting the weight of the vehicle and allowing the wheels to rotate smoothly. Here’s a detailed explanation of how a worn or damaged wheel bearing can affect the performance of an axle hub:

  • Wheel rotation: The axle hub, along with the wheel bearing, enables the smooth rotation of the wheel. When the wheel bearing is worn or damaged, it can cause irregular or uneven rotation of the wheel. This can result in vibrations, noise, and an overall rough ride quality.
  • Excessive play: A worn wheel bearing may develop excessive play or looseness. This can cause the wheel to wobble or have noticeable movement when jacked up or when driving. Excessive play in the wheel bearing can affect the vehicle’s stability, handling, and control, making it more difficult to steer accurately.
  • Noise: Worn or damaged wheel bearings often produce noticeable noise. The noise can vary from a low humming or rumbling sound to a high-pitched whining or grinding noise. The noise may become more pronounced when turning or when the vehicle is under load. Ignoring the noise and continuing to drive with a faulty wheel bearing can lead to further damage and potential safety hazards.
  • Heat buildup: A damaged wheel bearing may generate excessive heat due to increased friction and inadequate lubrication. The heat buildup can cause the bearing to expand, leading to further damage and potential failure. Overheated wheel bearings can contribute to premature wear of other components within the axle hub assembly, such as the axle shaft or hub assembly itself.
  • Uneven tire wear: A worn or damaged wheel bearing can result in uneven tire wear. As the wheel doesn’t rotate properly or experiences excessive play, it can cause the tire to wear unevenly. This can lead to premature tire wear on specific areas of the tread, affecting the tire’s performance, lifespan, and overall safety.
  • Reduced fuel efficiency: When a wheel bearing is damaged or worn, it can create additional resistance and drag on the wheel. This increased rolling resistance can have a negative impact on fuel efficiency, causing the vehicle to consume more fuel to maintain speed and overcome the additional resistance. Thus, a faulty wheel bearing can lead to decreased fuel efficiency and increased operating costs.

It’s important to address any signs of a worn or damaged wheel bearing promptly. If you suspect a problem with the wheel bearing or experience any of the symptoms mentioned above, it is recommended to have the vehicle inspected by a qualified mechanic or automotive technician. They can assess the condition of the wheel bearing and perform the necessary repairs or replacement to restore the proper performance of the axle hub and ensure safe operation of the vehicle.

In summary, a worn or damaged wheel bearing can have a significant impact on the performance of an axle hub. It can affect wheel rotation, cause excessive play, produce noise, lead to heat buildup, result in uneven tire wear, and reduce fuel efficiency. Prompt inspection and necessary repairs or replacement of a faulty wheel bearing are essential to maintain the optimal performance and safety of the axle hub.

axle hub

Are there any recalls or common issues associated with specific axle hub models?

Recalls and common issues can occur with specific axle hub models due to manufacturing defects, design flaws, or other factors. Here’s a detailed explanation:

It’s important to note that specific recalls and common issues can vary depending on the make, model, and year of the vehicle, as well as the specific axle hub manufacturer. Manufacturers and regulatory bodies such as the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) monitor and address safety concerns related to axle hubs through recalls and investigations.

Recalls are typically initiated by the vehicle manufacturer or the axle hub manufacturer in response to identified safety defects or non-compliance with safety standards. Recalls aim to address the issues and rectify any potential safety risks associated with the axle hub models. They may involve inspections, repairs, or replacements of the affected components.

To determine if there are any recalls or common issues associated with specific axle hub models, it is recommended to check the following sources:

  1. Manufacturer’s Website: Visit the official website of the vehicle manufacturer or the axle hub manufacturer. They often provide information on recalls, technical service bulletins (TSBs), and common issues related to their products. Look for any relevant information specific to the axle hub models in question.
  2. NHTSA Website: The NHTSA maintains a comprehensive database of recalls and investigations related to vehicle components, including axle hubs. Their website allows users to search for recalls and investigations by specific make, model, and component. You can use their search tool to check if there are any recalls or investigations associated with the axle hub models of interest.
  3. Owner Forums and Online Communities: Online forums and communities dedicated to specific vehicle makes and models can be a valuable source of information. Owners often share their experiences, including common issues they have encountered with axle hub models. It’s important to consider multiple sources and exercise caution when relying on anecdotal information.
  4. Service Centers and Mechanics: Local service centers and mechanics who specialize in the specific vehicle make or have experience with the axle hub models in question may be aware of any recalls or common issues. They can provide insights based on their firsthand knowledge and experience.

By consulting these sources, you can gather information about any recalls or common issues associated with specific axle hub models. If any recalls or safety concerns are identified, it is recommended to contact the vehicle manufacturer or a certified dealership to inquire about the necessary actions, such as inspections or repairs, to address the issues.

In summary, recalls and common issues can occur with specific axle hub models. Checking the manufacturer’s website, the NHTSA website, owner forums, and consulting with service centers and mechanics can provide valuable information regarding any recalls or common issues associated with the axle hub models of interest. It’s important to stay informed and take appropriate actions to address any identified safety concerns.

China Best Sales Front Axle Wheel Hub Bearing Wheel Hub Assembly 731679120 OE 1763887 for CZPT Transit   bad axle symptomsChina Best Sales Front Axle Wheel Hub Bearing Wheel Hub Assembly 731679120 OE 1763887 for CZPT Transit   bad axle symptoms
editor by CX 2024-04-19

China manufacturer Automobile Wheel Hub Unit Vkba6649 713610900 Wheel Hub Bearing Hub Unit Assembly Fit for Audi Front Axle and Rear Axle a 3-axle vehicle

Product Description

Product Description

Product Name

Wheel hub assembly VKBA6649

Brand

PPB/Neutral Or As Your Request

Features

Low friction, Long service life, Enhanced operational reliability, Consistency of roller profiles and sizes, Rigid bearing application, Running-in period with reduced temperature peaks, Separable and interchangeable With low and smoothly coefficient of friction

Quality standard

ISO9.2

VKBA523 482A/472 VKBA 5038 35BWD16 VKM14103

 

 

Company Profile

ZheJiang Mighty Machinery Co. Ltd is a professional manufacturer of auto bearings for more than 20 years. We provide a one-stop service for our customers. Our main products include wheel bearings & hub assembly, belt tensioners, clutch release bearings, and other parts.

Relying on the professional and rich manufacturing experience and many substantial factories which stable cooperated for many years, Mighty suppliers customers high-quality products at very competitive prices.

 

Customer’s satisfaction is our First Priority, We adhere to the concept of ” Quality First, Customer First”. We will continue to provide high-quality products and the best services to our customers and build up CZPT long-time friendship partners.

Our Advantages

More than 20 years of manufacturing and exporting experience
OEM manufacturing available
Full range, large stock
Quickly feedback
One year warranty
One-stop service
On-time delivery

Packaging & Shipping

Packaging Details 1 piece in a single box
2 boxes in a carton
30 cartons in a pallet
Nearest Port ZheJiang or HangZhou
Lead Time For stock parts: 1-5 days.
If no stock parts:
<20 pcs: 15-30 days
≥20 pcs: to be negotiated.

OUR SERVICES
– We have more than 20 years’ experience in auto bearings fields.
– Excellent quality control is 1 of our main principles
– We offer OEM service, accept customer labels, and develop the product with your drawings or samples
– Any questions will get a response within 24 hours.

FAQ

1. What’s the minimum order quantity?

We don’t have the minimum order quantity. We can also provide free samples, but you need to pay the freight.

     
 2. Do you provide ODM&OEM order service?

Yes, we provide ODM&OEM services to customers around the world, and we can customize different brands and different sizes of packaging boxes according to customers’ requirements.

     
3. After-sales service and warranty time

We guarantee that our products will be free from defects in materials and workmanship within 12 months from the date of delivery. The warranty is void due to improper use, incorrect installation, and physical damage.
 

4. How to place an order?

Send us an email of the models, brand, quantity, consignee information, model of transportation, and payment
Confirm payment and arrange the production.
 

5. What are your packing conditions?

We use standardized export packaging and environmental protection packaging materials. If you have a legally registered patent, we will package the goods in your brand box after receiving your authorization

6. What are your payment terms?

T/T is 30% of the payment in advance and 70% balance before delivery. Before you pay the balance, we will show you photos or videos of the products and packaging.
 

7. How long is your delivery time?

The delivery time of the sample order is 3-5 days, and that of a batch order is 5-45 days. The exact delivery time depends on the item and the quantity you ordered.
 

8. Do you test all products before delivery?
Yes, according to ISO standards, we have professional Q/C personnel, precision testing instruments, and an internal inspection system. We control the quality of every process from material receiving to packaging to ensure that you receive high-quality products

/* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

After-sales Service: One Year
Warranty: One Year
Type: Wheel Hub Bearing
Material: Chrome Steel
Tolerance: P0
Certification: ISO9001, TS16949
Samples:
US$ 50/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle hub

How do I diagnose and address noise issues associated with a malfunctioning axle hub?

Diagnosing and addressing noise issues associated with a malfunctioning axle hub requires a systematic approach to identify the root cause and take appropriate corrective measures. Here’s a detailed explanation of the diagnostic process and steps to address the problem:

1. Identify the Noise:

The first step is to identify the specific noise associated with the malfunctioning axle hub. Pay attention to the type and characteristics of the noise, such as grinding, growling, clicking, or humming. Note when the noise occurs, whether it’s during acceleration, deceleration, or while turning. This initial identification can help narrow down the possible causes.

2. Inspect the Axle Hub:

Visually inspect the axle hub for any signs of damage or wear. Look for cracks, corrosion, or loose components. Check if there is any leaking grease around the hub, as it can indicate bearing failure. A thorough inspection can provide valuable clues about the condition of the axle hub.

3. Perform a Road Test:

Take the vehicle for a road test to observe the noise and its behavior under different driving conditions. Pay attention to any changes in the noise when making turns, accelerating, or braking. Note whether the noise gets louder or changes in pitch. This can help in further narrowing down the issue.

4. Jack up the Vehicle:

If the noise persists and is suspected to be coming from the axle hub, jack up the vehicle and secure it with jack stands. Rotate the wheel associated with the suspected axle hub and listen for any abnormal noise or roughness. Try to wiggle the wheel by hand to check for excessive play or looseness, which can indicate a problem with the hub assembly.

5. Check Wheel Bearings:

A common cause of noise issues in axle hubs is worn-out or damaged wheel bearings. To check the wheel bearings, grasp the tire at the 12 o’clock and 6 o’clock positions and attempt to rock it back and forth. Excessive movement or play indicates a potential problem with the wheel bearings. Additionally, spin the wheel and listen for any grinding or rumbling noises, which can also be indicative of bearing issues.

6. Addressing the Issue:

If a malfunctioning axle hub is identified as the source of the noise, the following steps can be taken to address the problem:

  • Replacement: If the axle hub is severely damaged or the bearings are worn out, replacing the entire hub assembly is often recommended. This ensures proper fitment, bearing integrity, and overall reliability. Consult the vehicle’s service manual or seek professional assistance for the correct replacement procedure.
  • Bearing Replacement: In some cases, it may be possible to replace the wheel bearings within the axle hub if they are the sole source of the noise issue. This requires specialized tools and expertise, so it is advisable to consult a qualified mechanic for bearing replacement.
  • Additional Repairs: Depending on the severity of the issue, it may be necessary to address other related components. This can include replacing damaged CV joints, inspecting and replacing worn brake components, or addressing any other issues identified during the diagnostic process.

7. Post-Repair Verification:

After addressing the noise issue by repairing or replacing the malfunctioning axle hub, take the vehicle for a test drive to verify that the noise is eliminated. Ensure that the vehicle operates smoothly, and there are no abnormal vibrations or noises coming from the axle hub during different driving conditions.

It’s important to note that diagnosing and addressing noise issues associated with a malfunctioning axle hub can be complex, and it may require the expertise of a qualified mechanic. If you’re uncomfortable performing the diagnostics and repairs yourself, it’s advisable to seek professional assistance to ensure an accurate diagnosis and proper resolution of the issue.

In summary, diagnosing and addressing noise issues associated with a malfunctioning axle hub involves identifying the noise, inspecting the hub, performing a road test, checking wheel bearings, and taking appropriate repair or replacement measures. Following a systematic approach and seeking professional help when needed can help resolve the noise issue and ensure the safe operation of the vehicle.

axle hub

How often should axle hubs be inspected and replaced as part of routine vehicle maintenance?

Regular inspection and maintenance of axle hubs are crucial for ensuring the safe and efficient operation of a vehicle. The frequency of inspection and replacement may vary depending on several factors, including the vehicle’s make and model, driving conditions, and manufacturer’s recommendations. Here are some guidelines to consider:

  • Manufacturer’s recommendations: The first and most reliable source of information regarding the inspection and replacement intervals for axle hubs is the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations. These can usually be found in the owner’s manual or the manufacturer’s maintenance schedule. It is essential to follow these guidelines as they are specific to your particular vehicle.
  • Driving conditions: If your vehicle is subjected to severe driving conditions, such as frequent towing, off-road use, or driving in extreme temperatures, the axle hubs may experience increased stress and wear. In such cases, more frequent inspections and maintenance may be necessary.
  • Visual inspection: It is a good practice to visually inspect the axle hubs during routine maintenance or when performing other maintenance tasks, such as changing the brakes or rotating the tires. Look for any signs of damage, such as leaks, excessive play, or worn-out components. If any abnormalities are detected, further inspection or replacement may be required.
  • Wheel bearing maintenance: The axle hubs house the wheel bearings, which are critical for the smooth rotation of the wheels. Some vehicles have serviceable wheel bearings that require periodic maintenance, such as cleaning and repacking with fresh grease. If your vehicle has serviceable wheel bearings, refer to the manufacturer’s recommendations for the appropriate maintenance intervals.
  • Unusual noises or vibrations: If you notice any unusual noises, such as grinding, humming, or clicking sounds coming from the wheels, or if you experience vibrations while driving, it could be an indication of a problem with the axle hubs. In such cases, immediate inspection and necessary repairs or replacement should be performed.

It’s important to note that the intervals for inspecting and replacing axle hubs can vary significantly between different vehicles. Therefore, it is recommended to consult the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations to determine the specific maintenance schedule for your vehicle. Additionally, if you are unsure or suspect any issues with the axle hubs, it is advisable to have a qualified mechanic or automotive technician inspect and assess the condition of the axle hubs.

In summary, the frequency of inspecting and replacing axle hubs as part of routine vehicle maintenance depends on factors such as the manufacturer’s recommendations, driving conditions, visual inspections, wheel bearing maintenance requirements, and the presence of any unusual noises or vibrations. Following the manufacturer’s guidelines and promptly addressing any abnormalities will help ensure the proper functioning and longevity of the axle hubs.

axle hub

Can axle hubs be upgraded for better performance, and if so, how?

Axle hubs can be upgraded to improve performance in certain cases. Upgrading axle hubs can involve various modifications and enhancements. Here’s a detailed explanation:

Before considering an upgrade, it’s important to evaluate the specific needs and goals for the vehicle. Upgrades to axle hubs can target areas such as durability, load capacity, handling, and overall performance. Here are some potential ways to upgrade axle hubs:

  • High-Performance Bearings: Upgrading to high-performance wheel bearings can improve the durability and load capacity of the axle hub. High-quality bearings made from stronger materials or featuring advanced designs can provide enhanced reliability and performance under demanding conditions.
  • Performance Seals: Upgraded seals can provide better protection against contaminants and improve the overall sealing performance of the axle hub. Enhanced seals can help prevent dirt, water, and other debris from entering the hub assembly, increasing its lifespan and reducing the risk of damage.
  • Reinforced Hub Components: In some cases, upgrading to axle hubs with reinforced components, such as stronger hub bodies or larger studs, can enhance their load-carrying capacity and overall strength. This can be particularly beneficial for vehicles that operate under heavy loads or encounter rugged terrain.
  • Improved Cooling: Upgrading the cooling system of the axle hub can help dissipate heat more effectively, reducing the risk of overheating and prolonging the lifespan of the hub components. This can involve the addition of cooling fins, better ventilation, or even the use of aftermarket cooling solutions.
  • Performance Coatings: Applying specialized coatings to the axle hub surfaces can provide better protection against corrosion and wear. Coatings such as zinc plating or ceramic coatings can enhance the durability and performance of the hub components, particularly in harsh environments.
  • Aftermarket Axle Hub Assemblies: In some cases, aftermarket axle hub assemblies can offer performance-oriented upgrades over stock components. These assemblies may incorporate design improvements, advanced materials, or specialized features to enhance performance, reliability, and overall functionality.

It’s important to note that axle hub upgrades may require careful consideration of compatibility with other vehicle components, such as brakes, wheels, and suspension. Additionally, some upgrades may affect the vehicle’s warranty or require professional installation. It is recommended to consult with knowledgeable professionals, such as mechanics or specialists, who can provide guidance on suitable upgrades and ensure proper installation.

When considering axle hub upgrades, it’s also essential to assess the overall condition of the vehicle and address any underlying issues. Regular maintenance, such as proper lubrication, inspection, and timely replacement of worn components, is crucial for maximizing the performance and lifespan of the axle hubs.

In summary, axle hubs can be upgraded to improve performance in certain cases. Upgrades may involve high-performance bearings, improved seals, reinforced hub components, enhanced cooling, performance coatings, or aftermarket axle hub assemblies. It’s important to assess the specific needs of the vehicle, consult with professionals, and consider compatibility with other components when pursuing axle hub upgrades.

China manufacturer Automobile Wheel Hub Unit Vkba6649 713610900 Wheel Hub Bearing Hub Unit Assembly Fit for Audi Front Axle and Rear Axle   a 3-axle vehicleChina manufacturer Automobile Wheel Hub Unit Vkba6649 713610900 Wheel Hub Bearing Hub Unit Assembly Fit for Audi Front Axle and Rear Axle   a 3-axle vehicle
editor by CX 2024-04-04

China factory CZPT Brand Hot Sales Automotive Bearing Front Axle Wheel Hub for CZPT Explorer 515050 Wheel Assembly Car Spare Part axle bearing

Product Description

Company Profile

 

Company introduction:

This is from GUANXIAN HAGUAN BEARING CO.,LTD.,located in China.WHB is our brand. We specialize in manufacturing double-row spherical roller bearing,pillow block bearing,thrust ball bearing and so on . We could supply bearing for you with competitive price or best price. Our products are sold well to Russia, Brazil, Mexico, Poland and Tunisia ect. If you are interested in our products, please send the enquiry to us as soon as possible. If you have any questions about the bearing can consult me.
Hope to establish a good business relationship with you. Looking forward to your early reply.
Thanks and best regards.

Certifications

 

ISO Certificate:

CE Certificate:

Packaging & Shipping

Detailed Photos

 

Packing:

A. plastic box+outer carton+pallets
B. plastic bag+ single box+carton+pallet
C. plastic bag+ single box+middle box+carton+pallet
D. Of course we will also be based on your needs

FAQ

 

FAQ:

1. What’s the minimum order quantity of your company?

our minimum order is one.

2. Can you accept OEM and customize it?

Yes, we can customize it for you according to the samples or drawings.

3. Can you provide samples for free?

  Yes, we can provide samples free of charge, but we need our customers to bear the freight.

4.Is your company a factory or a trading company?

we have our own factories. We export bearings all over the world.

5. When is the warranty period of your bearings?

within 3 months, the customer needs to provide photos and return the bearing.

6.Can you tell me your company’s payment terms are acceptable?

T / T, D / P, L / C, Western Union remittance,Paypal,Money Gram….

7.Can you tell me the delivery time of your goods?

 7-15 days, mainly depending on the quantity of your order.

/* March 10, 2571 17:59:20 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Contact Angle: 60°
Aligning: Non-Aligning Bearing
Separated: Separated
Rows Number: Single
Material: Bearing Steel
ISO: 9001
Samples:
US$ 0.5/Set
1 Set(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle hub

How do I diagnose and address noise issues associated with a malfunctioning axle hub?

Diagnosing and addressing noise issues associated with a malfunctioning axle hub requires a systematic approach to identify the root cause and take appropriate corrective measures. Here’s a detailed explanation of the diagnostic process and steps to address the problem:

1. Identify the Noise:

The first step is to identify the specific noise associated with the malfunctioning axle hub. Pay attention to the type and characteristics of the noise, such as grinding, growling, clicking, or humming. Note when the noise occurs, whether it’s during acceleration, deceleration, or while turning. This initial identification can help narrow down the possible causes.

2. Inspect the Axle Hub:

Visually inspect the axle hub for any signs of damage or wear. Look for cracks, corrosion, or loose components. Check if there is any leaking grease around the hub, as it can indicate bearing failure. A thorough inspection can provide valuable clues about the condition of the axle hub.

3. Perform a Road Test:

Take the vehicle for a road test to observe the noise and its behavior under different driving conditions. Pay attention to any changes in the noise when making turns, accelerating, or braking. Note whether the noise gets louder or changes in pitch. This can help in further narrowing down the issue.

4. Jack up the Vehicle:

If the noise persists and is suspected to be coming from the axle hub, jack up the vehicle and secure it with jack stands. Rotate the wheel associated with the suspected axle hub and listen for any abnormal noise or roughness. Try to wiggle the wheel by hand to check for excessive play or looseness, which can indicate a problem with the hub assembly.

5. Check Wheel Bearings:

A common cause of noise issues in axle hubs is worn-out or damaged wheel bearings. To check the wheel bearings, grasp the tire at the 12 o’clock and 6 o’clock positions and attempt to rock it back and forth. Excessive movement or play indicates a potential problem with the wheel bearings. Additionally, spin the wheel and listen for any grinding or rumbling noises, which can also be indicative of bearing issues.

6. Addressing the Issue:

If a malfunctioning axle hub is identified as the source of the noise, the following steps can be taken to address the problem:

  • Replacement: If the axle hub is severely damaged or the bearings are worn out, replacing the entire hub assembly is often recommended. This ensures proper fitment, bearing integrity, and overall reliability. Consult the vehicle’s service manual or seek professional assistance for the correct replacement procedure.
  • Bearing Replacement: In some cases, it may be possible to replace the wheel bearings within the axle hub if they are the sole source of the noise issue. This requires specialized tools and expertise, so it is advisable to consult a qualified mechanic for bearing replacement.
  • Additional Repairs: Depending on the severity of the issue, it may be necessary to address other related components. This can include replacing damaged CV joints, inspecting and replacing worn brake components, or addressing any other issues identified during the diagnostic process.

7. Post-Repair Verification:

After addressing the noise issue by repairing or replacing the malfunctioning axle hub, take the vehicle for a test drive to verify that the noise is eliminated. Ensure that the vehicle operates smoothly, and there are no abnormal vibrations or noises coming from the axle hub during different driving conditions.

It’s important to note that diagnosing and addressing noise issues associated with a malfunctioning axle hub can be complex, and it may require the expertise of a qualified mechanic. If you’re uncomfortable performing the diagnostics and repairs yourself, it’s advisable to seek professional assistance to ensure an accurate diagnosis and proper resolution of the issue.

In summary, diagnosing and addressing noise issues associated with a malfunctioning axle hub involves identifying the noise, inspecting the hub, performing a road test, checking wheel bearings, and taking appropriate repair or replacement measures. Following a systematic approach and seeking professional help when needed can help resolve the noise issue and ensure the safe operation of the vehicle.

axle hub

Are there specific tools required for DIY axle hub replacement, and where can I find them?

When undertaking a DIY axle hub replacement, certain tools are needed to ensure a smooth and successful process. Here are some specific tools that are commonly required for DIY axle hub replacement and where you can find them:

  • Jack and jack stands: These tools are essential for raising the vehicle off the ground and providing a stable support system. You can find jacks and jack stands at automotive supply stores, hardware stores, and online retailers.
  • Lug wrench or socket set: A lug wrench or a socket set with the appropriate size socket is necessary to loosen and tighten the lug nuts on the wheel. These tools are commonly available at automotive supply stores, hardware stores, and online retailers.
  • Torque wrench: A torque wrench is required to tighten the lug nuts on the wheel and other fasteners to the manufacturer’s recommended torque specifications. Torque wrenches can be found at automotive supply stores, tool stores, and online retailers.
  • Pry bar: A pry bar is useful for gently separating the axle hub assembly from the mounting point, especially if it is tightly secured. Pry bars are available at automotive supply stores, hardware stores, and online retailers.
  • Hammer: A hammer can be used to tap or lightly strike the axle hub assembly or its components for removal or installation. Hammers are commonly available at hardware stores, tool stores, and online retailers.
  • Wheel bearing grease: High-quality wheel bearing grease is necessary for lubricating the axle hub assembly and ensuring smooth operation. Wheel bearing grease can be purchased at automotive supply stores, lubricant suppliers, and online retailers.
  • Additional tools: Depending on the specific vehicle and axle hub assembly, you may require additional tools such as a socket set, wrenches, pliers, or specific specialty tools. Consult the vehicle’s service manual or online resources for the specific tools needed for your vehicle model.

To find these tools, you can visit local automotive supply stores, hardware stores, or tool stores in your area. They typically carry a wide range of automotive tools and equipment. Alternatively, you can explore online retailers that specialize in automotive tools and equipment, where you can conveniently browse and purchase the tools you need.

It’s important to ensure that the tools you acquire are of good quality and suitable for the task at hand. Investing in quality tools can make the DIY axle hub replacement process more efficient and help achieve better results. Additionally, always follow the manufacturer’s instructions and safety guidelines when using tools and equipment.

In summary, specific tools are required for DIY axle hub replacement, such as a jack and jack stands, lug wrench or socket set, torque wrench, pry bar, hammer, and wheel bearing grease. These tools can be found at automotive supply stores, hardware stores, tool stores, and online retailers. Acquiring quality tools and following proper safety guidelines will contribute to a successful DIY axle hub replacement.

axle hub

How do changes in wheel offset affect the angles and performance of axle hubs?

Changes in wheel offset can have a significant impact on the angles and performance of axle hubs. Here’s a detailed explanation:

Wheel offset refers to the distance between the centerline of the wheel and the mounting surface. It determines how far the wheel and tire assembly will be positioned in relation to the axle hub. There are three types of wheel offsets: positive offset, zero offset, and negative offset.

Here’s how changes in wheel offset can affect the angles and performance of axle hubs:

  • Camber Angle: Camber angle refers to the inward or outward tilt of the wheel when viewed from the front of the vehicle. Changes in wheel offset can impact the camber angle. Increasing positive offset or reducing negative offset typically results in more positive camber, while increasing negative offset or reducing positive offset leads to more negative camber. Improper camber angle can cause uneven tire wear, reduced traction, and handling issues.
  • Track Width: Wheel offset affects the track width, which is the distance between the centerlines of the left and right wheels. Wider track width can improve stability and cornering performance. Increasing positive offset or reducing negative offset generally widens the track width, while increasing negative offset or reducing positive offset narrows it.
  • Steering Geometry: Changes in wheel offset also impact the steering geometry of the vehicle. Altering the offset can affect the scrub radius, which is the distance between the tire contact patch and the steering axis. Changes in scrub radius can influence steering effort, feedback, and stability. It’s important to maintain the appropriate scrub radius for optimal handling and performance.
  • Wheel Bearing Load: Wheel offset affects the load applied to the wheel bearings. Increasing positive offset or reducing negative offset generally increases the load on the inner wheel bearing, while increasing negative offset or reducing positive offset increases the load on the outer wheel bearing. Proper wheel bearing load is crucial for their longevity and performance.
  • Clearance and Interference: Changes in wheel offset can also impact the clearance between the wheel and suspension components or bodywork. Insufficient clearance due to excessive positive offset or inadequate clearance due to excessive negative offset can lead to rubbing, interference, or potential damage to the axle hub, suspension parts, or bodywork.

It’s important to note that any changes in wheel offset should be done within the manufacturer’s recommended specifications or in consultation with knowledgeable professionals. Deviating from the recommended wheel offset can lead to adverse effects on the axle hub angles and performance, as well as other aspects of the vehicle’s handling and safety.

When modifying wheel offset, it is crucial to consider the overall impact on the vehicle’s suspension geometry, clearance, and alignment. It may be necessary to make corresponding adjustments to maintain proper alignment angles, such as camber, toe, and caster, to ensure optimal tire wear, handling, and performance.

In summary, changes in wheel offset can have a significant impact on the angles and performance of axle hubs. They can affect camber angles, track width, steering geometry, wheel bearing load, and clearance. It is important to adhere to manufacturer’s specifications and consult with knowledgeable professionals when considering changes in wheel offset to ensure proper alignment, optimal performance, and safe operation of the vehicle.

China factory CZPT Brand Hot Sales Automotive Bearing Front Axle Wheel Hub for CZPT Explorer 515050 Wheel Assembly Car Spare Part   axle bearingChina factory CZPT Brand Hot Sales Automotive Bearing Front Axle Wheel Hub for CZPT Explorer 515050 Wheel Assembly Car Spare Part   axle bearing
editor by CX 2024-02-20

China Custom Auto Parts Automotive Bearing Front Axle Wheel Hub Assembly for Smart Roadster R187.01 Vkba6624 example of wheel and axle

Product Description

Basic information:

Description Auto Parts Front Axle Wheel Hub For SMART ROADSTER R187.01 VKBA6624
Material Chrome steel Gcr15
Application For SMART
Size Rim Hole Number: 3
Flange Ø: 134 mm
Position Front axle
With ABS with ABS sensor ring
Bolts 3 holes
Weight 1.8 kg
Brand SI, PPB, or customized
Packing Neutral, SI, PPB brand packing or customized
OEM/ODM service Yes
Manufacture place ZHangZhoug, China
MOQ 50 PCS
OEM replacement Yes
Inspection 1V571000000

Ref.:
F-AG: 
FEBI BILSTEIN: 28230
OPTIMAL: 401300
S-KF: VKBA 6624
SNR: R187.01

Application:
For SMART CABRIO (450) (2000/03 – 2004/01)
For SMART CITY-COUPE (450) (1998/07 – 2004/01)
For SMART CROSSBLADE (450) (2002/06 – 2003/12)
For SMART ROADSTER (452) (2003/04 – 2005/11)
For SMART ROADSTER Coupe (452) (2003/04 – 2005/11)
For SMART FORTWO Coupe (450) (2004/01 – 2007/02)
For SMART FORTWO Cabrio (450) (2004/01 – 2007/01)
For SMART FORTWO Coupe (451) (2007/01 – /)
For SMART FORTWO Cabrio (451) (2007/01 – /)

Packing and Delivery:

Workshop

Exhibitions:

FAQ:
Q1.What is your shipping logistic?
Re:  DHL, TNT, FedEx express, by air/sea/train.

Q2:What’s the MOQ?
Re: For the wheel hub assembly. The MOQ   is always 50 sets. If ordering together with other models, small quantities can be organized.   But need more time due to the production schedule.

Q3. What are your goods of packing?
Re: Generally, our goods will be packed in Neutral white or brown boxes for the hub bearing unit. Our brand packing SI & CZPT are offered. If you have any other packing requests, we shall also handle them.

Q4 .  What is your sample policy?
Re: We can supply the sample if we have ready parts in stock.

Q5 . Do you have any certificates?
Re: Yes, we have the certificate of ISO9001:2015.

Q6:Any warranty of your products.
Re: Sure, We are offering a guarantee for 12 months or 40,000-50,000 km for the aftermarket.
 

Q7: How can I make an inquiry?

Re: You can contact us by email, telephone, WhatsApp, , etc.

 

Q8: How long can reply inquiry?

Re: Within 24 hours.

 

Q9: What’s the delivery time?

Re: Ready stock 10-15 days, production for 30 to 45 days.

 

Q10: How do you maintain our good business relationship?

Re: 1. Keep stable, reliable quality, competitive price to ensure our customer’s benefit;

2. Optimal lead time.

3. Keep customers updated about the new goods.

4. Make customers satisfaction as our main goal.

 

Q11: Can we visit the company & factory?

Re: Yes, welcome for your visit & business discussion.

  /* March 10, 2571 17:59:20 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

After-sales Service: Yes
Warranty: Yes
Type: Wheel Hub Bearing
Samples:
US$ 50/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

.shipping-cost-tm .tm-status-off{background: none;padding:0;color: #1470cc}

Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.







about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:







 

Initial Payment



Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

axle hub

Can a damaged axle hub affect the overall performance and safety of a vehicle?

Yes, a damaged axle hub can significantly affect the overall performance and safety of a vehicle. Here’s a detailed explanation of how a damaged axle hub can impact a vehicle:

1. Wheel Stability:

A damaged axle hub can compromise the stability of the wheel assembly. If the hub is bent, cracked, or worn out, it may not provide a secure mounting point for the wheel. This can result in wheel wobbling or excessive play, leading to unstable handling and compromised vehicle control. A wobbling wheel can also cause vibrations, which can affect the comfort of the passengers and potentially lead to further damage to other components of the suspension system.

2. Wheel Bearing Performance:

The axle hub houses the wheel bearings, which are critical for smooth wheel rotation and weight support. A damaged axle hub can negatively impact the performance of the wheel bearings. For example, if the hub is misaligned or has damaged bearing races, it can cause excessive friction, uneven wear, and premature failure of the wheel bearings. This can lead to wheel noise, reduced fuel efficiency, and compromised safety as the wheel may seize or detach while driving.

3. Brake System Integration:

In many vehicles, the axle hub integrates with the brake rotor or drum. A damaged axle hub can affect the proper installation and function of the braking components. For example, if the hub has damaged mounting surfaces or incorrect dimensions, it may result in brake rotor runout or misalignment. This can cause uneven braking, pulsation in the brake pedal, and reduced braking performance, compromising the vehicle’s ability to stop safely and efficiently.

4. Wheel Alignment and Suspension:

The axle hub plays a role in maintaining proper wheel alignment and supporting the suspension system. A damaged axle hub can lead to misalignment, affecting the camber, toe, or caster angles of the wheel. Improper wheel alignment can result in uneven tire wear, compromised handling, and reduced stability, impacting overall vehicle performance and safety. Additionally, a damaged hub may not provide adequate support for the suspension components, leading to increased stress and potential failure of other suspension parts.

5. Risk of Wheel Separation:

If a damaged axle hub is not addressed promptly, there is a risk of wheel separation. A severely damaged hub can eventually fail, causing the wheel to detach from the vehicle while in motion. Wheel separation is extremely dangerous and can result in a loss of control, vehicle instability, and potential accidents with severe consequences for the occupants and other road users.

6. Overall Safety:

The overall safety of the vehicle can be compromised when the axle hub is damaged. The stability, braking performance, wheel alignment, and suspension function are critical for safe operation. A damaged axle hub can negatively impact these aspects, increasing the risk of accidents and reducing the ability to control the vehicle effectively.

In summary, a damaged axle hub can have a significant impact on the overall performance and safety of a vehicle. It can compromise wheel stability, impair wheel bearing performance, affect brake system integration, disrupt wheel alignment and suspension, and increase the risk of wheel separation. It is crucial to address any signs of axle hub damage promptly to ensure the safe and efficient operation of the vehicle.

axle hub

Are there aftermarket axle hubs available with enhanced durability or performance features?

Yes, there are aftermarket axle hubs available with enhanced durability or performance features. Aftermarket parts are components that are produced by manufacturers other than the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) of the vehicle. These aftermarket axle hubs are designed to provide improved durability, performance, or other specialized features compared to the stock OEM axle hubs. Here’s a detailed explanation:

  • Durability enhancements: Aftermarket axle hubs may incorporate design improvements or use materials that enhance their durability and longevity. These enhancements can include reinforced bearing housings, stronger wheel studs, improved seals and gaskets, or upgraded materials that better withstand heavy loads, extreme temperatures, or harsh driving conditions. The goal is to provide a more robust and long-lasting axle hub solution.
  • Performance features: Some aftermarket axle hubs are designed to offer enhanced performance characteristics. These performance features can include better heat dissipation properties, reduced rotational friction, or improved weight distribution. Performance-oriented axle hubs may also be engineered to provide more precise wheel alignment, improved handling, or reduced unsprung weight, which can contribute to overall vehicle performance.
  • Specialized applications: In addition to durability and performance enhancements, aftermarket axle hubs may be available for specialized applications. For example, there are aftermarket axle hubs designed specifically for off-road vehicles, heavy-duty towing, or high-performance sports cars. These specialized axle hubs may have features such as increased load-bearing capacity, improved water and debris resistance, or compatibility with upgraded braking systems.
  • Brands and manufacturers: The aftermarket industry offers a wide range of options from various brands and manufacturers. Some aftermarket companies specialize in producing high-quality replacement parts, including axle hubs, that are designed to meet or exceed OEM standards. These aftermarket brands may have a reputation for providing durable and high-performance products, and they often offer warranties to back up their claims.
  • Research and compatibility: When considering aftermarket axle hubs with enhanced durability or performance features, it is essential to conduct thorough research. Look for reputable aftermarket brands known for their quality and reliability. Additionally, ensure compatibility with your specific vehicle make, model, and year. Most aftermarket manufacturers provide compatibility information or have online resources to help you select the correct axle hub for your vehicle.

It’s worth noting that while aftermarket axle hubs can offer enhanced durability or performance features, not all aftermarket parts are created equal. The quality and performance of aftermarket axle hubs can vary depending on the manufacturer and brand. It’s advisable to choose reputable aftermarket brands that have a track record of producing reliable and high-quality components. Consulting with automotive professionals or enthusiasts and reading customer reviews can also provide valuable insights when selecting aftermarket axle hubs.

In summary, aftermarket axle hubs with enhanced durability or performance features are available. These aftermarket options may incorporate design improvements, specialized materials, or performance-oriented features to offer increased durability, improved performance, or compatibility with specialized applications. Conducting thorough research and selecting reputable aftermarket brands can help ensure the quality and compatibility of the aftermarket axle hubs for your vehicle.

axle hub

What is the importance of proper lubrication in maintaining a healthy axle hub?

Proper lubrication plays a crucial role in maintaining a healthy axle hub and ensuring its optimal performance and longevity. Here’s a detailed explanation:

An axle hub consists of several components, including wheel bearings, seals, and other internal parts. These components are subjected to high loads, friction, and heat generated during normal vehicle operation. Lubrication is essential to reduce friction, dissipate heat, and provide a protective barrier between moving parts. Here are the key reasons why proper lubrication is important for maintaining a healthy axle hub:

  • Reduced Friction: Adequate lubrication reduces friction between the moving parts of the axle hub. This minimizes wear and tear on the components and helps them operate smoothly. By reducing friction, proper lubrication helps prevent premature failure of critical parts, such as the wheel bearings.
  • Heat Dissipation: Axle hubs generate heat during operation due to the friction between the rotating components. The lubricant acts as a coolant, helping to dissipate heat and prevent excessive temperature buildup. Proper lubrication ensures that the heat is effectively managed, preventing overheating and potential damage to the axle hub.
  • Corrosion Prevention: Axle hubs are exposed to various environmental elements, including moisture, dirt, and road contaminants. These can lead to corrosion and rust, compromising the performance and structural integrity of the axle hub. Lubrication creates a protective barrier, preventing moisture and contaminants from reaching the critical components and reducing the risk of corrosion.
  • Seal Integrity: Proper lubrication helps maintain the integrity of the seals in the axle hub. Seals play a vital role in preventing the entry of contaminants and retaining the lubricant within the hub assembly. Insufficient lubrication can cause the seals to deteriorate prematurely, leading to lubricant leakage and potential damage to the axle hub.
  • Noise Reduction: Well-lubricated axle hubs operate quietly. The lubricant creates a cushioning effect, reducing noise and vibrations generated by the rotating components. This helps provide a comfortable and quiet driving experience.

It’s important to note that different axle hubs may require specific types of lubricants, such as grease or oil, depending on the design and manufacturer’s recommendations. Using the correct lubricant and following the specified lubrication intervals are crucial for maintaining a healthy axle hub. Over-lubrication or under-lubrication can lead to issues such as excess heat buildup, component damage, or inadequate protection.

Regular maintenance and inspection of the axle hub, including checking the lubricant level and quality, are essential. If any signs of contamination, leakage, or inadequate lubrication are observed, appropriate action should be taken, such as replenishing or replacing the lubricant and addressing any underlying issues.

In summary, proper lubrication is vital for maintaining a healthy axle hub. It reduces friction, dissipates heat, prevents corrosion, maintains seal integrity, and reduces noise. Adequate lubrication ensures smooth operation, prolongs the lifespan of the components, and helps prevent premature failures. Following the manufacturer’s recommendations regarding lubricant type and maintenance intervals is crucial for optimal axle hub performance and longevity.

China Custom Auto Parts Automotive Bearing Front Axle Wheel Hub Assembly for Smart Roadster R187.01 Vkba6624   example of wheel and axleChina Custom Auto Parts Automotive Bearing Front Axle Wheel Hub Assembly for Smart Roadster R187.01 Vkba6624   example of wheel and axle
editor by CX 2024-01-29

China Best Sales Front Axle Wheel Hub Assembly Vkba3511 for Opel Astra Vauxhall Astra 13123486 1603209 90538940 9117620 Wheel Hub Bearing Unit axle cost

Product Description

Product Description

Wheel Bearing Kit VKBA 3511
Flange Ø 119,4 mm
Supplementary Article/Info 2: with integrated ABS sensor
Parts list
Bearing 1
Washer 1
Nut 1
Sealing/Protective Cap 1
Split Pin 1
Screw 3

 

Detailed Photos

Front Axle Wheel Hub Assembly Vkba3511 for Opel Astra Vauxhall Astra 13123486~8 9117620 Wheel Hub Bearing Unit

OEM NUMBER 

OPEL
13123486

9571940
9117620

VAUXHALL
13123486

9571940
9117620

REFERENCE NUMBER

2.2

VKBA523 482A/472 VKBA 5038 35BWD16 VKM14103

 

 

Company Profile

ZheJiang Mighty Machinery Co. Ltd is a professional manufacturer of auto bearings for more than 20 years. We provide a one-stop service for our customers. Our main products include wheel bearings & hub assembly, belt tensioners, clutch release bearings, and other parts.

Relying on the professional and rich manufacturing experience and many substantial factories which stable cooperated for many years, Mighty suppliers customers high-quality products at very competitive prices.

 

Customer satisfaction is our First Priority, We adhere to the concept of ” Quality First, Customer First”. We will continue to provide high-quality products and the best services to our customers and build up CZPT long-time friendship partners.

 

Our Advantages

More than 20 years of manufacturing and exporting experience
OEM manufacturing available
Full range, large stock
Quickly feedback
One year warranty
One-stop service
On-time delivery

Packaging & Shipping

FAQ

1. What’s the minimum order quantity?

We don’t have the minimum order quantity. We can also provide free samples, but you need to pay the freight.

     
 2. Do you provide ODM&OEM order service?

Yes, we provide ODM&OEM services to customers around the world, and we can customize different brands and different sizes of packaging boxes according to customers’ requirements.

     
3. After-sales service and warranty time

We guarantee that our products will be free from defects in materials and workmanship within 12 months from the date of delivery. The warranty is void due to improper use, incorrect installation, and physical damage.
 

4. How to place an order?

Send us an email with the models, brand, quantity, consignee information, model of transportation, and payment
Confirm payment and arrange the production.
 

5. What are your packing conditions?

We use standardized export packaging and environmental protection packaging materials. If you have a legally registered patent, we will package the goods in your brand box after receiving your authorization

6. What are your payment terms?

T/T is 30% of the payment in advance and 70% balance before delivery. Before you pay the balance, we will show you photos or videos of the products and packaging.
 

7. How long is your delivery time?

The delivery time of a sample order is 3-5 days, and that of a batch order is 5-45 days. The exact delivery time depends on the item and the quantity you ordered.
 

8. Do you test all products before delivery?
Yes, according to ISO standards, we have professional Q/C personnel, precision testing instruments, and an internal inspection system. We control the quality of every process from material receiving to packaging to ensure that you receive high-quality products

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After-sales Service: One Year
Warranty: One Year
Type: Wheel Hub Bearing
Material: Chrome Steel
Tolerance: P5
Certification: ISO9001, TS16949
Samples:
US$ 50/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle hub

What are the common symptoms of a failing axle hub, and how can they be identified?

Identifying the common symptoms of a failing axle hub is crucial for timely diagnosis and repair. Here’s a detailed explanation of the common symptoms and how they can be identified:

1. Wheel Vibrations:

One of the common symptoms of a failing axle hub is noticeable wheel vibrations. As the hub becomes worn or damaged, it may cause the wheel to wobble or shake while driving. These vibrations can be felt through the steering wheel, floorboard, or seat. To identify this symptom, pay attention to any unusual vibrations that occur, especially at higher speeds.

2. Grinding or Growling Noises:

A failing axle hub can produce grinding or growling noises. This can be an indication of worn-out or damaged wheel bearings within the hub. The noise may vary in intensity, and it is often more pronounced during turns or when the vehicle is in motion. To identify this symptom, listen for any unusual grinding or growling sounds coming from the wheels while driving.

3. Wheel Play or Looseness:

A failing axle hub can result in wheel play or looseness. When the hub is damaged or worn, it may not provide a secure mounting point for the wheel. As a result, the wheel may have excessive play or feel loose when you attempt to wiggle it by hand. To identify this symptom, jack up the vehicle and try to move the wheel in different directions to check for any abnormal movement.

4. Uneven Tire Wear:

A failing axle hub can contribute to uneven tire wear. If the hub is damaged, it can affect the alignment and cause the tire to wear unevenly. Look for signs of abnormal tire wear, such as excessive wear on one side of the tire or feathering patterns. Uneven tire wear may also be accompanied by other symptoms, such as vibrations or pulling to one side while driving.

5. ABS Warning Light:

In some cases, a failing axle hub can trigger the ABS (Anti-lock Braking System) warning light on the vehicle’s dashboard. This can occur if there is a problem with the wheel speed sensor, which is often integrated into the hub assembly. The ABS warning light indicates a fault in the braking system and should be diagnosed using a diagnostic tool by a qualified technician.

6. Visual Inspection:

A visual inspection can also help identify signs of a failing axle hub. Look for any visible damage or wear on the hub, such as cracks, corrosion, or bent flanges. Additionally, check for any leaking grease around the hub or signs of excessive heat, which can indicate bearing failure.

7. Professional Diagnosis:

If you suspect a failing axle hub but are unsure, it is recommended to have the vehicle inspected by a qualified mechanic. They can perform a comprehensive examination of the wheel assembly, including the hub, bearings, and associated components. They may use specialized tools and equipment to measure wheel play, check for bearing wear, and assess the overall condition of the hub.

In summary, common symptoms of a failing axle hub include wheel vibrations, grinding or growling noises, wheel play or looseness, uneven tire wear, ABS warning light activation, and visible damage. It is essential to pay attention to these symptoms and seek professional diagnosis and repair to prevent further damage and ensure the safe operation of the vehicle.

axle hub

Are there aftermarket axle hubs available with enhanced durability or performance features?

Yes, there are aftermarket axle hubs available with enhanced durability or performance features. Aftermarket parts are components that are produced by manufacturers other than the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) of the vehicle. These aftermarket axle hubs are designed to provide improved durability, performance, or other specialized features compared to the stock OEM axle hubs. Here’s a detailed explanation:

  • Durability enhancements: Aftermarket axle hubs may incorporate design improvements or use materials that enhance their durability and longevity. These enhancements can include reinforced bearing housings, stronger wheel studs, improved seals and gaskets, or upgraded materials that better withstand heavy loads, extreme temperatures, or harsh driving conditions. The goal is to provide a more robust and long-lasting axle hub solution.
  • Performance features: Some aftermarket axle hubs are designed to offer enhanced performance characteristics. These performance features can include better heat dissipation properties, reduced rotational friction, or improved weight distribution. Performance-oriented axle hubs may also be engineered to provide more precise wheel alignment, improved handling, or reduced unsprung weight, which can contribute to overall vehicle performance.
  • Specialized applications: In addition to durability and performance enhancements, aftermarket axle hubs may be available for specialized applications. For example, there are aftermarket axle hubs designed specifically for off-road vehicles, heavy-duty towing, or high-performance sports cars. These specialized axle hubs may have features such as increased load-bearing capacity, improved water and debris resistance, or compatibility with upgraded braking systems.
  • Brands and manufacturers: The aftermarket industry offers a wide range of options from various brands and manufacturers. Some aftermarket companies specialize in producing high-quality replacement parts, including axle hubs, that are designed to meet or exceed OEM standards. These aftermarket brands may have a reputation for providing durable and high-performance products, and they often offer warranties to back up their claims.
  • Research and compatibility: When considering aftermarket axle hubs with enhanced durability or performance features, it is essential to conduct thorough research. Look for reputable aftermarket brands known for their quality and reliability. Additionally, ensure compatibility with your specific vehicle make, model, and year. Most aftermarket manufacturers provide compatibility information or have online resources to help you select the correct axle hub for your vehicle.

It’s worth noting that while aftermarket axle hubs can offer enhanced durability or performance features, not all aftermarket parts are created equal. The quality and performance of aftermarket axle hubs can vary depending on the manufacturer and brand. It’s advisable to choose reputable aftermarket brands that have a track record of producing reliable and high-quality components. Consulting with automotive professionals or enthusiasts and reading customer reviews can also provide valuable insights when selecting aftermarket axle hubs.

In summary, aftermarket axle hubs with enhanced durability or performance features are available. These aftermarket options may incorporate design improvements, specialized materials, or performance-oriented features to offer increased durability, improved performance, or compatibility with specialized applications. Conducting thorough research and selecting reputable aftermarket brands can help ensure the quality and compatibility of the aftermarket axle hubs for your vehicle.

axle hub

How do changes in wheel offset affect the angles and performance of axle hubs?

Changes in wheel offset can have a significant impact on the angles and performance of axle hubs. Here’s a detailed explanation:

Wheel offset refers to the distance between the centerline of the wheel and the mounting surface. It determines how far the wheel and tire assembly will be positioned in relation to the axle hub. There are three types of wheel offsets: positive offset, zero offset, and negative offset.

Here’s how changes in wheel offset can affect the angles and performance of axle hubs:

  • Camber Angle: Camber angle refers to the inward or outward tilt of the wheel when viewed from the front of the vehicle. Changes in wheel offset can impact the camber angle. Increasing positive offset or reducing negative offset typically results in more positive camber, while increasing negative offset or reducing positive offset leads to more negative camber. Improper camber angle can cause uneven tire wear, reduced traction, and handling issues.
  • Track Width: Wheel offset affects the track width, which is the distance between the centerlines of the left and right wheels. Wider track width can improve stability and cornering performance. Increasing positive offset or reducing negative offset generally widens the track width, while increasing negative offset or reducing positive offset narrows it.
  • Steering Geometry: Changes in wheel offset also impact the steering geometry of the vehicle. Altering the offset can affect the scrub radius, which is the distance between the tire contact patch and the steering axis. Changes in scrub radius can influence steering effort, feedback, and stability. It’s important to maintain the appropriate scrub radius for optimal handling and performance.
  • Wheel Bearing Load: Wheel offset affects the load applied to the wheel bearings. Increasing positive offset or reducing negative offset generally increases the load on the inner wheel bearing, while increasing negative offset or reducing positive offset increases the load on the outer wheel bearing. Proper wheel bearing load is crucial for their longevity and performance.
  • Clearance and Interference: Changes in wheel offset can also impact the clearance between the wheel and suspension components or bodywork. Insufficient clearance due to excessive positive offset or inadequate clearance due to excessive negative offset can lead to rubbing, interference, or potential damage to the axle hub, suspension parts, or bodywork.

It’s important to note that any changes in wheel offset should be done within the manufacturer’s recommended specifications or in consultation with knowledgeable professionals. Deviating from the recommended wheel offset can lead to adverse effects on the axle hub angles and performance, as well as other aspects of the vehicle’s handling and safety.

When modifying wheel offset, it is crucial to consider the overall impact on the vehicle’s suspension geometry, clearance, and alignment. It may be necessary to make corresponding adjustments to maintain proper alignment angles, such as camber, toe, and caster, to ensure optimal tire wear, handling, and performance.

In summary, changes in wheel offset can have a significant impact on the angles and performance of axle hubs. They can affect camber angles, track width, steering geometry, wheel bearing load, and clearance. It is important to adhere to manufacturer’s specifications and consult with knowledgeable professionals when considering changes in wheel offset to ensure proper alignment, optimal performance, and safe operation of the vehicle.

China Best Sales Front Axle Wheel Hub Assembly Vkba3511 for Opel Astra Vauxhall Astra 13123486 1603209 90538940 9117620 Wheel Hub Bearing Unit   axle costChina Best Sales Front Axle Wheel Hub Assembly Vkba3511 for Opel Astra Vauxhall Astra 13123486 1603209 90538940 9117620 Wheel Hub Bearing Unit   axle cost
editor by CX 2024-01-04

China wholesaler Rear Axle Wheel Hub Wheel Hub Bearing Assembly for Audi A4 Vkba3606 8e0598611 Car Parts axle extender

Product Description

Basic information:

Description Rear Axle Wheel Hub & Bearing Assembly For AUDI A4 VKBA3606 8E571611
Material Chrome steel Gcr15
Application For AUDI
For SEAT
Position Rear wheel bearing assembly
With ABS with ABS sensor ring
Bolts  5 holes
Weight 2.3 kg
Brand SI, PPB, or customized
Packing Neutral, SI, PPB brand packing or customized
OEM/ODM service Yes
Manufacture place ZHangZhoug, China
MOQ 50 PCS
OEM replacement Yes
Inspection 1
GSP : 9232014K
OPTIMAL : 157171
S-KF : VKBA 3606
SNR : R157.27

Application:
For AUDI A4 (8E2, B6) (2000/11 – 2004/12)
For AUDI A4 Avant (8E5, B6) (2001/04 – 2004/12)
For AUDI A4 Convertible (8H7, B6, 8HE, B7) (2002/04 – 2009/03)
For AUDI A4 (8EC, B7) (2004/11 – 2008/06)
For AUDI A4 Avant (8ED, B7) (2004/11 – 2008/06)
For AUDI  (FAW)A4 Saloon (8E2, B6) (2002/08 – 2005/07)
For AUDI  (FAW)A4 Saloon (8EC, B7) (2005/07 – 2008/09)
For SEAT EXEO (3R2) (2008/12 – /)
For SEAT EXEO ST (3R5) (2009/05 – /)

Wheel bearing kit parts list:
Bearing 1
Sealing/Protective Cap 1
Screw 1

Packing and Delivery:

Work shop:

Exhibitions:

FAQ:
Q1.What is your shipping logistic?
Re: DHL, TNT, FedEx express, by air/sea/train.

Q2:What’s the MOQ?
Re: For the wheel hub assembly. The MOQ is always 50 sets. If ordering together with other models, small quantities can be organized. But need more time due to the production schedule.

Q3. What are your goods of packing?
Re: Generally, our goods will be packed in Neutral white or brown boxes for the hub bearing unit. Our brand packing SI & CZPT are offered. If you have any other packing requests, we shall also handle them.

Q4. What is your sample policy?
Re: We can supply the sample if we have ready parts in stock.

Q5. Do you have any certificates?
Re: Yes, we have the certificate of ISO9001:2015.

Q6:Any warranty of your products.
Re: Sure, We are offering a guarantee for 12 months or 40,000-50,000 km for the aftermarket.
 

Q7: How can I make an inquiry?

Re: You can contact us by email, telephone, WhatsApp, , etc.

 

Q8: How long can reply inquiry?

Re: Within 24 hours.

 

Q9: What’s the delivery time?

Re: Ready stock 10-15 days, production for 30 to 45 days.

 

Q10: How do you maintain our good business relationship?

Re: 1. Keep stable, reliable quality, competitive price to ensure our customer’s benefit;

2. Optimal lead time.

3. Keep customers updated about the new goods.

4. Make customers satisfaction as our main goal.

 

Q11: Can we visit the company & factory?

Re: Yes, welcome for your visit & business discussion.

 

After-sales Service: Yes
Warranty: Yes
Type: Wheel Hub Bearing
Samples:
US$ 50/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

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Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.







about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:







 

Initial Payment



Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

axle hub

Can a damaged axle hub affect the overall performance and safety of a vehicle?

Yes, a damaged axle hub can significantly affect the overall performance and safety of a vehicle. Here’s a detailed explanation of how a damaged axle hub can impact a vehicle:

1. Wheel Stability:

A damaged axle hub can compromise the stability of the wheel assembly. If the hub is bent, cracked, or worn out, it may not provide a secure mounting point for the wheel. This can result in wheel wobbling or excessive play, leading to unstable handling and compromised vehicle control. A wobbling wheel can also cause vibrations, which can affect the comfort of the passengers and potentially lead to further damage to other components of the suspension system.

2. Wheel Bearing Performance:

The axle hub houses the wheel bearings, which are critical for smooth wheel rotation and weight support. A damaged axle hub can negatively impact the performance of the wheel bearings. For example, if the hub is misaligned or has damaged bearing races, it can cause excessive friction, uneven wear, and premature failure of the wheel bearings. This can lead to wheel noise, reduced fuel efficiency, and compromised safety as the wheel may seize or detach while driving.

3. Brake System Integration:

In many vehicles, the axle hub integrates with the brake rotor or drum. A damaged axle hub can affect the proper installation and function of the braking components. For example, if the hub has damaged mounting surfaces or incorrect dimensions, it may result in brake rotor runout or misalignment. This can cause uneven braking, pulsation in the brake pedal, and reduced braking performance, compromising the vehicle’s ability to stop safely and efficiently.

4. Wheel Alignment and Suspension:

The axle hub plays a role in maintaining proper wheel alignment and supporting the suspension system. A damaged axle hub can lead to misalignment, affecting the camber, toe, or caster angles of the wheel. Improper wheel alignment can result in uneven tire wear, compromised handling, and reduced stability, impacting overall vehicle performance and safety. Additionally, a damaged hub may not provide adequate support for the suspension components, leading to increased stress and potential failure of other suspension parts.

5. Risk of Wheel Separation:

If a damaged axle hub is not addressed promptly, there is a risk of wheel separation. A severely damaged hub can eventually fail, causing the wheel to detach from the vehicle while in motion. Wheel separation is extremely dangerous and can result in a loss of control, vehicle instability, and potential accidents with severe consequences for the occupants and other road users.

6. Overall Safety:

The overall safety of the vehicle can be compromised when the axle hub is damaged. The stability, braking performance, wheel alignment, and suspension function are critical for safe operation. A damaged axle hub can negatively impact these aspects, increasing the risk of accidents and reducing the ability to control the vehicle effectively.

In summary, a damaged axle hub can have a significant impact on the overall performance and safety of a vehicle. It can compromise wheel stability, impair wheel bearing performance, affect brake system integration, disrupt wheel alignment and suspension, and increase the risk of wheel separation. It is crucial to address any signs of axle hub damage promptly to ensure the safe and efficient operation of the vehicle.

axle hub

What role does the ABS sensor play in the context of an axle hub assembly?

The ABS (Anti-lock Braking System) sensor plays a crucial role in the context of an axle hub assembly. It is an integral component of the braking system and is responsible for monitoring the speed and rotational behavior of the wheels. Here’s a detailed explanation of the role of the ABS sensor in the context of an axle hub assembly:

  • Wheel speed monitoring: The primary function of the ABS sensor is to monitor the rotational speed of the wheels. It does this by detecting the teeth or magnetic patterns on a tone ring or reluctor ring mounted on the axle hub or adjacent to the wheel hub. By continuously measuring the speed of each wheel, the ABS sensor provides crucial data to the vehicle’s ABS system.
  • Anti-lock Braking System (ABS): The ABS system utilizes the data provided by the ABS sensors to determine if any wheel is about to lock up during braking. If a wheel is on the verge of locking up, the ABS system modulates the braking pressure to that wheel. This prevents the wheel from fully locking up, allowing the driver to maintain control of the vehicle and reducing the risk of skidding or loss of steering control.
  • Traction control: In addition to aiding the ABS system, the ABS sensors also play a role in the vehicle’s traction control system. By continuously monitoring the rotational speed of the wheels, the ABS sensors assist in detecting any wheel slippage or loss of traction. When a wheel slips, the traction control system can adjust the engine power output or apply brake pressure to the specific wheel to regain traction and maintain stability.
  • Stability control: Some modern vehicles incorporate stability control systems that rely on the ABS sensors to monitor the rotational behavior of the wheels. By comparing the speeds of individual wheels, the stability control system can detect and mitigate any potential loss of vehicle stability. This may involve applying brakes to specific wheels or adjusting engine power to help the driver maintain control in challenging driving conditions or during evasive maneuvers.
  • Diagnostic capabilities: The ABS sensors also provide diagnostic capabilities for the vehicle’s onboard diagnostic system. In the event of a fault or malfunction within the ABS system, the ABS sensors can transmit error codes to the vehicle’s computer, which can then be retrieved using a diagnostic scanner. This aids in the identification and troubleshooting of ABS-related issues.

The ABS sensor is typically mounted near the axle hub, with its sensor tip in close proximity to the tone ring or reluctor ring. It generates electrical signals based on the detected rotational patterns, which are then transmitted to the vehicle’s ABS control module for processing and action.

In summary, the ABS sensor plays a vital role in the context of an axle hub assembly. It monitors the rotational speed of the wheels, providing essential data for the ABS system, traction control, and stability control. The ABS sensor helps prevent wheel lockup during braking, enhances traction in slippery conditions, aids in maintaining vehicle stability, and contributes to the diagnostic capabilities of the ABS system.

axle hub

What is the importance of proper lubrication in maintaining a healthy axle hub?

Proper lubrication plays a crucial role in maintaining a healthy axle hub and ensuring its optimal performance and longevity. Here’s a detailed explanation:

An axle hub consists of several components, including wheel bearings, seals, and other internal parts. These components are subjected to high loads, friction, and heat generated during normal vehicle operation. Lubrication is essential to reduce friction, dissipate heat, and provide a protective barrier between moving parts. Here are the key reasons why proper lubrication is important for maintaining a healthy axle hub:

  • Reduced Friction: Adequate lubrication reduces friction between the moving parts of the axle hub. This minimizes wear and tear on the components and helps them operate smoothly. By reducing friction, proper lubrication helps prevent premature failure of critical parts, such as the wheel bearings.
  • Heat Dissipation: Axle hubs generate heat during operation due to the friction between the rotating components. The lubricant acts as a coolant, helping to dissipate heat and prevent excessive temperature buildup. Proper lubrication ensures that the heat is effectively managed, preventing overheating and potential damage to the axle hub.
  • Corrosion Prevention: Axle hubs are exposed to various environmental elements, including moisture, dirt, and road contaminants. These can lead to corrosion and rust, compromising the performance and structural integrity of the axle hub. Lubrication creates a protective barrier, preventing moisture and contaminants from reaching the critical components and reducing the risk of corrosion.
  • Seal Integrity: Proper lubrication helps maintain the integrity of the seals in the axle hub. Seals play a vital role in preventing the entry of contaminants and retaining the lubricant within the hub assembly. Insufficient lubrication can cause the seals to deteriorate prematurely, leading to lubricant leakage and potential damage to the axle hub.
  • Noise Reduction: Well-lubricated axle hubs operate quietly. The lubricant creates a cushioning effect, reducing noise and vibrations generated by the rotating components. This helps provide a comfortable and quiet driving experience.

It’s important to note that different axle hubs may require specific types of lubricants, such as grease or oil, depending on the design and manufacturer’s recommendations. Using the correct lubricant and following the specified lubrication intervals are crucial for maintaining a healthy axle hub. Over-lubrication or under-lubrication can lead to issues such as excess heat buildup, component damage, or inadequate protection.

Regular maintenance and inspection of the axle hub, including checking the lubricant level and quality, are essential. If any signs of contamination, leakage, or inadequate lubrication are observed, appropriate action should be taken, such as replenishing or replacing the lubricant and addressing any underlying issues.

In summary, proper lubrication is vital for maintaining a healthy axle hub. It reduces friction, dissipates heat, prevents corrosion, maintains seal integrity, and reduces noise. Adequate lubrication ensures smooth operation, prolongs the lifespan of the components, and helps prevent premature failures. Following the manufacturer’s recommendations regarding lubricant type and maintenance intervals is crucial for optimal axle hub performance and longevity.

China wholesaler Rear Axle Wheel Hub Wheel Hub Bearing Assembly for Audi A4 Vkba3606 8e0598611 Car Parts   axle extenderChina wholesaler Rear Axle Wheel Hub Wheel Hub Bearing Assembly for Audi A4 Vkba3606 8e0598611 Car Parts   axle extender
editor by CX 2023-12-04

China Custom Wheel Bearing Hub for Nissan X-Trail Wheel Hub Assembly Vkba6997 43202-4ba0a 43202-Jg000 43202-Jg01A near me supplier

Product Description

Basic information:

Description Wheel Bearing Hub For NISSAN X-TRAIL Wheel Hub Assembly VKBA6997 43202-4BA0A 43202-JG000 43202-JG01A
Material Chrome steel Gcr15
Application For NISSAN
For RENAULT
Position Rear Axles
With ABS with integrated ABS sensor
Bolts 5 holes
Weight 3.5 kg
Brand SI, PPB, or customized
Packing Neutral, SI, PPB brand packing or customized
OEM/ODM service Yes
Manufacture place ZHangZhoug, China
MOQ 50 PCS
OEM replacement Yes
Inspection 100%
Warranty 1 year or 40,000-50,000 KMS
Certificate ISO9001:2015 TS16949
Payment T/T, PayPal, Alibaba

Rim Hole Number: 5
Flange Ø: 146 mm
Detailed pictures:

O.E.:
43202-4BA0A
43202-4CE0A
43202-JG000
43202-JG01A
43202-JG01B
457122933R
43202JY00A

Ref.:
F-AG: 
GSP: 9400161
MOOG: NI-WB-11999
OPTIMAL: 962556
S-KF: VKBA 6997
SNR: R155.59
SNR: R168.117
SNR: R168.74
SNR: R168.75

Application:
For NISSAN QASHQAI / QASHQAI +2 (J10, JJ10) (2007/02 – /)
For NISSAN X-TRAIL (T31) (2007/03 – 2013/11)
For RENAULT KOLEOS (HY_) (2008/09 – /)

Hub Bearing Assembly, front bearing hub replacement, hub and bearing replacement, wheel hub bearings, front wheel bearing hub assembly, front wheel bearing hub replacement, hub bearing assembly front, wheel hub assembly, bearing assembly, Front Wheel Bearing and Hub Assembly, Front Wheel Drive Hub and Bearing Assembly, Front Axle Bearing & Hub Assembly, Front Bearing Hub Assembly, Wheel Bearing Hub

Packing and Delivery:

Work shop:

Exhibitions:

FAQ:
Q1.What is your shipping logistic?
Re: DHL, TNT, FedEx express, by air/sea/train.

Q2:What’s the MOQ?
Re: For the wheel hub assembly. The MOQ is always 50 sets. If ordering together with other models, small quantities can be organized. But need more time due to the production schedule.

Q3. What are your goods of packing?
Re: Generally, our goods will be packed in Neutral white or brown boxes for the hub bearing unit. Our brand packing SI & CZPT are offered. If you have any other packing requests, we shall also handle them.

Q4. What is your sample policy?
Re: We can supply the sample if we have ready parts in stock.

Q5. Do you have any certificates?
Re: Yes, we have the certificate of ISO9001:2015.

Q6:Any warranty of your products.
Re: Sure, We are offering a guarantee for 12 months or 40,000-50,000 km for the aftermarket.
 

Q7: How can I make an inquiry?

Re: You can contact us by email, telephone, WhatsApp, , etc.

 

Q8: How long can reply inquiry?

Re: Within 24 hours.

 

Q9: What’s the delivery time?

Re: Ready stock 10-15 days, production for 30 to 45 days.

 

Q10: How do you maintain our good business relationship?

Re: 1. Keep stable, reliable quality, competitive price to ensure our customer’s benefit;

2. Optimal lead time.

3. Keep customers updated about the new goods.

4. Make customers satisfaction as our main goal.

 

Q11: Can we visit the company & factory?

Re: Yes, welcome for your visit & business discussion.

 

Stiffness and Torsional Vibration of Spline-Couplings

In this paper, we describe some basic characteristics of spline-coupling and examine its torsional vibration behavior. We also explore the effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling. These results will assist in the design of improved spline-coupling systems for various applications. The results are presented in Table 1.
splineshaft

Stiffness of spline-coupling

The stiffness of a spline-coupling is a function of the meshing force between the splines in a rotor-spline coupling system and the static vibration displacement. The meshing force depends on the coupling parameters such as the transmitting torque and the spline thickness. It increases nonlinearly with the spline thickness.
A simplified spline-coupling model can be used to evaluate the load distribution of splines under vibration and transient loads. The axle spline sleeve is displaced a z-direction and a resistance moment T is applied to the outer face of the sleeve. This simple model can satisfy a wide range of engineering requirements but may suffer from complex loading conditions. Its asymmetric clearance may affect its engagement behavior and stress distribution patterns.
The results of the simulations show that the maximum vibration acceleration in both Figures 10 and 22 was 3.03 g/s. This results indicate that a misalignment in the circumferential direction increases the instantaneous impact. Asymmetry in the coupling geometry is also found in the meshing. The right-side spline’s teeth mesh tightly while those on the left side are misaligned.
Considering the spline-coupling geometry, a semi-analytical model is used to compute stiffness. This model is a simplified form of a classical spline-coupling model, with submatrices defining the shape and stiffness of the joint. As the design clearance is a known value, the stiffness of a spline-coupling system can be analyzed using the same formula.
The results of the simulations also show that the spline-coupling system can be modeled using MASTA, a high-level commercial CAE tool for transmission analysis. In this case, the spline segments were modeled as a series of spline segments with variable stiffness, which was calculated based on the initial gap between spline teeth. Then, the spline segments were modelled as a series of splines of increasing stiffness, accounting for different manufacturing variations. The resulting analysis of the spline-coupling geometry is compared to those of the finite-element approach.
Despite the high stiffness of a spline-coupling system, the contact status of the contact surfaces often changes. In addition, spline coupling affects the lateral vibration and deformation of the rotor. However, stiffness nonlinearity is not well studied in splined rotors because of the lack of a fully analytical model.
splineshaft

Characteristics of spline-coupling

The study of spline-coupling involves a number of design factors. These include weight, materials, and performance requirements. Weight is particularly important in the aeronautics field. Weight is often an issue for design engineers because materials have varying dimensional stability, weight, and durability. Additionally, space constraints and other configuration restrictions may require the use of spline-couplings in certain applications.
The main parameters to consider for any spline-coupling design are the maximum principal stress, the maldistribution factor, and the maximum tooth-bearing stress. The magnitude of each of these parameters must be smaller than or equal to the external spline diameter, in order to provide stability. The outer diameter of the spline must be at least 4 inches larger than the inner diameter of the spline.
Once the physical design is validated, the spline coupling knowledge base is created. This model is pre-programmed and stores the design parameter signals, including performance and manufacturing constraints. It then compares the parameter values to the design rule signals, and constructs a geometric representation of the spline coupling. A visual model is created from the input signals, and can be manipulated by changing different parameters and specifications.
The stiffness of a spline joint is another important parameter for determining the spline-coupling stiffness. The stiffness distribution of the spline joint affects the rotor’s lateral vibration and deformation. A finite element method is a useful technique for obtaining lateral stiffness of spline joints. This method involves many mesh refinements and requires a high computational cost.
The diameter of the spline-coupling must be large enough to transmit the torque. A spline with a larger diameter may have greater torque-transmitting capacity because it has a smaller circumference. However, the larger diameter of a spline is thinner than the shaft, and the latter may be more suitable if the torque is spread over a greater number of teeth.
Spline-couplings are classified according to their tooth profile along the axial and radial directions. The radial and axial tooth profiles affect the component’s behavior and wear damage. Splines with a crowned tooth profile are prone to angular misalignment. Typically, these spline-couplings are oversized to ensure durability and safety.

Stiffness of spline-coupling in torsional vibration analysis

This article presents a general framework for the study of torsional vibration caused by the stiffness of spline-couplings in aero-engines. It is based on a previous study on spline-couplings. It is characterized by the following 3 factors: bending stiffness, total flexibility, and tangential stiffness. The first criterion is the equivalent diameter of external and internal splines. Both the spline-coupling stiffness and the displacement of splines are evaluated by using the derivative of the total flexibility.
The stiffness of a spline joint can vary based on the distribution of load along the spline. Variables affecting the stiffness of spline joints include the torque level, tooth indexing errors, and misalignment. To explore the effects of these variables, an analytical formula is developed. The method is applicable for various kinds of spline joints, such as splines with multiple components.
Despite the difficulty of calculating spline-coupling stiffness, it is possible to model the contact between the teeth of the shaft and the hub using an analytical approach. This approach helps in determining key magnitudes of coupling operation such as contact peak pressures, reaction moments, and angular momentum. This approach allows for accurate results for spline-couplings and is suitable for both torsional vibration and structural vibration analysis.
The stiffness of spline-coupling is commonly assumed to be rigid in dynamic models. However, various dynamic phenomena associated with spline joints must be captured in high-fidelity drivetrain models. To accomplish this, a general analytical stiffness formulation is proposed based on a semi-analytical spline load distribution model. The resulting stiffness matrix contains radial and tilting stiffness values as well as torsional stiffness. The analysis is further simplified with the blockwise inversion method.
It is essential to consider the torsional vibration of a power transmission system before selecting the coupling. An accurate analysis of torsional vibration is crucial for coupling safety. This article also discusses case studies of spline shaft wear and torsionally-induced failures. The discussion will conclude with the development of a robust and efficient method to simulate these problems in real-life scenarios.
splineshaft

Effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling

In this study, the effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline coupling is investigated. The stability boundary and mechanism of rotor instability are analyzed. We find that the meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling increases nonlinearly with spline thickness. The results demonstrate that the misalignment is responsible for the instability of the rotor-spline coupling system.
An intentional spline misalignment is introduced to achieve an interference fit and zero backlash condition. This leads to uneven load distribution among the spline teeth. A further spline misalignment of 50um can result in rotor-spline coupling failure. The maximum tensile root stress shifted to the left under this condition.
Positive spline misalignment increases the gear mesh misalignment. Conversely, negative spline misalignment has no effect. The right-handed spline misalignment is opposite to the helix hand. The high contact area is moved from the center to the left side. In both cases, gear mesh is misaligned due to deflection and tilting of the gear under load.
This variation of the tooth surface is measured as the change in clearance in the transverse plain. The radial and axial clearance values are the same, while the difference between the 2 is less. In addition to the frictional force, the axial clearance of the splines is the same, which increases the gear mesh misalignment. Hence, the same procedure can be used to determine the frictional force of a rotor-spline coupling.
Gear mesh misalignment influences spline-rotor coupling performance. This misalignment changes the distribution of the gear mesh and alters contact and bending stresses. Therefore, it is essential to understand the effects of misalignment in spline couplings. Using a simplified system of helical gear pair, Hong et al. examined the load distribution along the tooth interface of the spline. This misalignment caused the flank contact pattern to change. The misaligned teeth exhibited deflection under load and developed a tilting moment on the gear.
The effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline couplings is minimized by using a mechanism that reduces backlash. The mechanism comprises cooperably splined male and female members. One member is formed by 2 coaxially aligned splined segments with end surfaces shaped to engage in sliding relationship. The connecting device applies axial loads to these segments, causing them to rotate relative to 1 another.

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China manufacturer High Quality Auto Bearing Rear Wheel Hub for CZPT Tacoma 42450-04010 Wheel Hub Assembly with Hot selling

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Front & rear wheel hub unit 42460-6571 42460-6571 42410-6.2

VKBA523 482A/472 VKBA 5038 35BWD16 VKM14103

 

 

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ZheJiang Mighty Machinery Co. Ltd is a professional manufacturer of auto bearings for more than 20 years. We provide a one-stop service for our customers. Our main products include wheel bearings & hub assembly, belt tensioners, clutch release bearings, and other parts.

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How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

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China OEM Auto Parts Wheel Hub Bearing Front Axle Assembly Kit 31206872888 31204081309 31206775771 with Good quality

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Auto parts wheel hub bearing front axle assembly kit 3120687

 

 

 

Product name Auto parts wheel hub bearing front axle assembly kit 3120687
Type Wheel Hub Bearing Assembly
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An Overview of Worm Shafts and Gears

This article provides an overview of worm shafts and gears, including the type of toothing and deflection they experience. Other topics covered include the use of aluminum versus bronze worm shafts, calculating worm shaft deflection and lubrication. A thorough understanding of these issues will help you to design better gearboxes and other worm gear mechanisms. For further information, please visit the related websites. We also hope that you will find this article informative.
worm shaft

Double throat worm gears

The pitch diameter of a worm and the pitch of its worm wheel must be equal. The 2 types of worm gears have the same pitch diameter, but the difference lies in their axial and circular pitches. The pitch diameter is the distance between the worm’s teeth along its axis and the pitch diameter of the larger gear. Worms are made with left-handed or right-handed threads. The lead of the worm is the distance a point on the thread travels during 1 revolution of the worm gear. The backlash measurement should be made in a few different places on the gear wheel, as a large amount of backlash implies tooth spacing.
A double-throat worm gear is designed for high-load applications. It provides the tightest connection between worm and gear. It is crucial to mount a worm gear assembly correctly. The keyway design requires several points of contact, which block shaft rotation and help transfer torque to the gear. After determining the location of the keyway, a hole is drilled into the hub, which is then screwed into the gear.
The dual-threaded design of worm gears allows them to withstand heavy loads without slipping or tearing out of the worm. A double-throat worm gear provides the tightest connection between worm and gear, and is therefore ideal for hoisting applications. The self-locking nature of the worm gear is another advantage. If the worm gears are designed well, they are excellent for reducing speeds, as they are self-locking.
When choosing a worm, the number of threads that a worm has is critical. Thread starts determine the reduction ratio of a pair, so the higher the threads, the greater the ratio. The same is true for the worm helix angles, which can be one, two, or 3 threads long. This varies between a single thread and a double-throat worm gear, and it is crucial to consider the helix angle when selecting a worm.
Double-throat worm gears differ in their profile from the actual gear. Double-throat worm gears are especially useful in applications where noise is an issue. In addition to their low noise, worm gears can absorb shock loads. A double-throat worm gear is also a popular choice for many different types of applications. These gears are also commonly used for hoisting equipment. Its tooth profile is different from that of the actual gear.
worm shaft

Bronze or aluminum worm shafts

When selecting a worm, a few things should be kept in mind. The material of the shaft should be either bronze or aluminum. The worm itself is the primary component, but there are also addendum gears that are available. The total number of teeth on both the worm and the addendum gear should be greater than 40. The axial pitch of the worm needs to match the circular pitch of the larger gear.
The most common material used for worm gears is bronze because of its desirable mechanical properties. Bronze is a broad term referring to various copper alloys, including copper-nickel and copper-aluminum. Bronze is most commonly created by alloying copper with tin and aluminum. In some cases, this combination creates brass, which is a similar metal to bronze. The latter is less expensive and suitable for light loads.
There are many benefits to bronze worm gears. They are strong and durable, and they offer excellent wear-resistance. In contrast to steel worms, bronze worm gears are quieter than their counterparts. They also require no lubrication and are corrosion-resistant. Bronze worms are popular with small, light-weight machines, as they are easy to maintain. You can read more about worm gears in CZPT’s CZPT.
Although bronze or aluminum worm shafts are the most common, both materials are equally suitable for a variety of applications. A bronze shaft is often called bronze but may actually be brass. Historically, worm gears were made of SAE 65 gear bronze. However, newer materials have been introduced. SAE 65 gear bronze (UNS C90700) remains the preferred material. For high-volume applications, the material savings can be considerable.
Both types of worms are essentially the same in size and shape, but the lead on the left and right tooth surfaces can vary. This allows for precise adjustment of the backlash on a worm without changing the center distance between the worm gear. The different sizes of worms also make them easier to manufacture and maintain. But if you want an especially small worm for an industrial application, you should consider bronze or aluminum.

Calculation of worm shaft deflection

The centre-line distance of a worm gear and the number of worm teeth play a crucial role in the deflection of the rotor. These parameters should be entered into the tool in the same units as the main calculation. The selected variant is then transferred to the main calculation. The deflection of the worm gear can be calculated from the angle at which the worm teeth shrink. The following calculation is helpful for designing a worm gear.
Worm gears are widely used in industrial applications due to their high transmittable torques and large gear ratios. Their hard/soft material combination makes them ideally suited for a wide range of applications. The worm shaft is typically made of case-hardened steel, and the worm wheel is fabricated from a copper-tin-bronze alloy. In most cases, the wheel is the area of contact with the gear. Worm gears also have a low deflection, as high shaft deflection can affect the transmission accuracy and increase wear.
Another method for determining worm shaft deflection is to use the tooth-dependent bending stiffness of a worm gear’s toothing. By calculating the stiffness of the individual sections of a worm shaft, the stiffness of the entire worm can be determined. The approximate tooth area is shown in figure 5.
Another way to calculate worm shaft deflection is by using the FEM method. The simulation tool uses an analytical model of the worm gear shaft to determine the deflection of the worm. It is based on a two-dimensional model, which is more suitable for simulation. Then, you need to input the worm gear’s pitch angle and the toothing to calculate the maximum deflection.
worm shaft

Lubrication of worm shafts

In order to protect the gears, worm drives require lubricants that offer excellent anti-wear protection, high oxidation resistance, and low friction. While mineral oil lubricants are widely used, synthetic base oils have better performance characteristics and lower operating temperatures. The Arrhenius Rate Rule states that chemical reactions double every 10 degrees C. Synthetic lubricants are the best choice for these applications.
Synthetics and compounded mineral oils are the most popular lubricants for worm gears. These oils are formulated with mineral basestock and 4 to 6 percent synthetic fatty acid. Surface-active additives give compounded gear oils outstanding lubricity and prevent sliding wear. These oils are suited for high-speed applications, including worm gears. However, synthetic oil has the disadvantage of being incompatible with polycarbonate and some paints.
Synthetic lubricants are expensive, but they can increase worm gear efficiency and operating life. Synthetic lubricants typically fall into 2 categories: PAO synthetic oils and EP synthetic oils. The latter has a higher viscosity index and can be used at a range of temperatures. Synthetic lubricants often contain anti-wear additives and EP (anti-wear).
Worm gears are frequently mounted over or under the gearbox. The proper lubrication is essential to ensure the correct mounting and operation. Oftentimes, inadequate lubrication can cause the unit to fail sooner than expected. Because of this, a technician may not make a connection between the lack of lube and the failure of the unit. It is important to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations and use high-quality lubricant for your gearbox.
Worm drives reduce backlash by minimizing the play between gear teeth. Backlash can cause damage if unbalanced forces are introduced. Worm drives are lightweight and durable because they have minimal moving parts. In addition, worm drives are low-noise and vibration. In addition, their sliding motion scrapes away excess lubricant. The constant sliding action generates a high amount of heat, which is why superior lubrication is critical.
Oils with a high film strength and excellent adhesion are ideal for lubrication of worm gears. Some of these oils contain sulfur, which can etch a bronze gear. In order to avoid this, it is imperative to use a lubricant that has high film strength and prevents asperities from welding. The ideal lubricant for worm gears is 1 that provides excellent film strength and does not contain sulfur.

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